《China Turned On》的笔记-第62页
- 页码：第62页 2011-03-07 05:20:18
For the vast majority of the people, the first regular viewing took place in work settings and in public locations. The government placed television sets in front of party committee houses that are located in urban neighborhoods throughout the country. Dozens of families brought little stools on which to sit as they gathered around the sets to watch at night. TVs were usually placed out of doors, so bad weather prohibited viewing. …. The second phase of television viewing in China was also communal – in the homes of ‘early adopter’ families who either were able to afford a set or had been given one by their overseas relatives. As the elderly Guangzhou couple describes above, the transition from group viewing on the street and in work facilities to private homes sometimes even crowded out the host families. Those who had television sets may have had the luxury of convenient viewing, but they frequently had to tolerate congregations of viewers who were barely known to them. The tiny front room (sometimes the only room) could be filled with 20 people or more. More recently, many farm families have gone through the same transition. Furthermore, group TV viewing is still an important part of holiday traditions everywhere in China, especially in the rural areas, as is described by a sociologist in Beijing. …. The next two stages of adoption – saturation of urban homes with television and the transition from black-and-white sets to color modes – represent current conditions which I describe in the remainder of this chapter. Television viewing still takes place in public in China but the locations and purposes differ from the early days. Now, some big department stores put television monitors and VCRs that play videotapes of American and Japanese cartoon programs in front of their buildings when the weather is good in order to attract customers. Group viewing is also common in some work settings and in higher education.
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