《The Hero with a Thousand Faces》的笔记-第11页
- 章节名：PREFACE TO THE 1949 EDITION
- 页码：第11页 2012-11-23 00:33:55
“宗教教义中所包含的那些真理毕竟是经过扭曲和系统伪装的，”西格蒙德·弗洛伊德写道，“因此人们辨认不出它们就是真理。这和我们对孩子说新生婴儿是鹳鸟送来的情况相类似。在这里我们也是在象征外衣的掩盖下说出真理，因为我们知道鹳鸟指的是什么。可是这一点孩子却不知道。他听到的只是我们所说的话中被扭曲的部分，这就使他觉得受到欺骗；我们知道，孩子的这种印象经常导致对大人的不信任和倔强不驯。我们深信更好的办法是对孩子们说话时避免用象征符号来将整理加以伪装，并且不对他们隐瞒适合他们智力水平的事实真相。”"THE TRUTHS contained in religious doctrines are after all so distorted and systematically disguised," writes Sigmund Freud, "that the mass of humanity cannot recognize them as truth. The case is similar to what happens when we tell a child that newborn babies are brought by the stork. Here, too, we are telling the truth in symbolic clothing, for we know what the large bird signifies. But the child does not know it. He hears only the distorted part of what we say, and feels that he has been deceived; and we know how often his distrust of the grown-ups and his refractoriness actually take their start from this impression. We have become convinced that it is better to avoid such symbolic disguisings of the truth in what we tell children and not to withhold from them a knowledge of the true state of affairs commensurate with their intellectual level."
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