《The Hero with a Thousand Faces》的笔记-第41页
- 章节名：THE MONOMYTH
- 页码：第41页 2012-11-28 23:05:17
正如传统的跨越阀限仪式给与人的教导：对过去来说自己已经死去，对将来而言自己又获重生，隆重的登基典礼剥夺了人的个人特性，而把王袍加于其身。完美的典范就应该是这样的，无论这人是工匠，还是君王。可是拒绝接受这种仪式是亵渎神圣的行为，这种行为使个人把作为一个单元的自己与真个社区的大单元隔离：这样，单一的统一体就分裂为众多的个体，这些众多的个体就会各自为战地互相争斗，而对这些个体则只能用暴力来加以统治。Just as the traditional rites of passage used to teach the individual to die to the past and be reborn to the future, so the great ceremonials of investiture divested him of his private character and clothed him in the mantle of his vocation. Such was the ideal, whether the man was a craftsman or a king. By the sacrilege of the refusal of the rite, however, the individual cut himself as a unit off from the larger unit of the whole community: and so the One was broken into the many, and these then battled each other—each out for himself—and could be governed only by force.
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