《The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition》的笔记-第1页
- 页码：第1页 2013-04-09 20:48:02
Young and inexperienced, the task seemed easy to me. > Young and inexperienced, I thought the task easy.At the end of a list introduced by such as, for example, or any similar expression, etc. is incorrect.Factor. A hackneyed word; the expressions of which it forms part can usually be replaced by something more direct and idiomatic. His superior training was the great factor in his winning the match. > He won the match by being better trained.He is a man who. A common type of redundant expression; see Rule 13. He is a man who is very ambitious. > He is very ambitious. Spain is a country which I have always wanted to visit. > I have always wanted to visit Spain.However. In the meaning nevertheless, not to come first in its sentence or clause. The roads were almost impassable. However, we at last succeeded in reaching camp. > The roads were almost impassable. At last, however, we succeeded in reaching camp. When however comes first, it means in whatever way or to whatever extent. However you advise him, he will probably do as he thinks best. > However discouraging the prospect, he never lost heart.One of the most. Avoid beginning essays or paragraphs with this formula, as, "One of the most interesting developments of modern science is, etc.;" "Switzerland is one of the most interesting countries of Europe." There is nothing wrong in this; it is simply threadbare and forcible-feeble.Not to be used as a mere substitute for have or own. He possessed great courage. > He had great courage (was very brave). He was the fortunate possessor of > He owned Frequently used without need. Dayton has adopted the commission system of government. > Dayton has adopted government by commission. The dormitory system > Dormitories A conditional statement in the first person requires should, not would. I should not have succeeded without his help. The equivalent of shall in indirect quotation after a verb in the past tense is should, not would. He predicted that before long we should have a great surprise. To express habitual or repeated action, the past tense, without would, is usually sufficient, and from its brevity, more emphatic.
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