《The City in History》的笔记-CHAPTER ONE: Sanctuary, Village, and Stronghold
- 章节名：CHAPTER ONE: Sanctuary, Village, and Stronghold
- 2014-01-18 01:27:42
Human life swings between two poles: movement and settlement. The city of the dead antedates the city of living. In one sense, indeed, the city of the dead is the forerunner , almost the core, of every living city. At this point (the mesolithic period) the archaeologist begins to find definite traces of permanent settlement, from India to the Baltic area: a culture based on the use of shellfish and fish, possibly seaweed, and planted tubers, doubtless supplemented by other less certain supplies of food. Perhaps the central event in this whole development was the domestication of man himself, itself an evidence of a growing interest in sexuality and reproduction… it was accompanied by an enlarged role for woman in every department. Predation yielded to symbiosis. Domestication in all its aspects implies two large changed: permanence and continuity in residence, and the exercise of control and foresight over processes once subject to the caprices of nature… Here woman’s needs, woman’s solicitudes, woman’s intimacy with the processes of growth, woman’s capacity for tenderness and love, must have played a dominating part. With the greater enlargement of the food supply that resulted from the cumulative domestication of plants and animals, woman’s central place in the new economy was established. In Egyptian hieroglyphics, ‘house’ or ‘town’ may stand as symbols for ‘mother,’ as if to confirm the similarity of the individual and the collective nurturing function. In line with this, the more primitive structures—houses, rooms, tombs—are usually round ones: like the original bowl described in Greek myth, which was modeled on Aphrodite’s breast. The bones and muscles of the male dominate his technical contributions: even his limp penis is useless, sexually speaking, until it is as hard as a bone—as vulgar speech recognizes. But in woman the soft internal organs are the center of her life: her arms and legs serve less significant for movement than for holding and enclosing, whether is be a lover or a child; and it is in the orifices and sacs, in mouth, vulva, vagina, breast, womb, that her sexually individualized activities take place. The safe setting aside of unconsumed seeds for next year’s sowing was the first step toward capital accumulation. Before water transport was well developed, each villages was, in effect, a world in itself: cut off as much by sleepy self-absorption and narcissism, perhaps, as by mere physical barriers. Certainly coercion and persuasion, aggression and protection, war and law, power and love, were alike solidified in the stones of the earliest urban communities, when they finally take form. When kingship appeared, the war lord and the law lord became land lord too. One of the early Egyptian texts pictures Atum creating the universe out of his own body, by masturbation. Each new component of the city, by the same token, has usually first appeared outside its boundaries, before the city had taken it over.
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