- 页码：第100页 2014-03-01 15:27:28
Our morphological knowledge has two components: knowledge of the individual morphemes and knowledge of the rules that combine them. One of the things we know about particular morphemes is weather they can stand alone or weather they must be attached to a host morpheme.Some morphemes like boy, desire and man may constitute words by themselves. These are free morphemes.（自由词素） Other morphemes like -ish, -ness, -ly, -dis, trans-, and un- are never words by themselves but are always parts of words. Theses affixes are bound morpheme. （粘附词素）To mention only a few, English examples of prefix morphemes: un-, pre-, bi-,…English examples of suffix morphemes: -ing, -er, -ist, -ly,…A morpheme that is a prefix in one language may be a suffix in another and vice-versa.The most common infix（中缀）in America is the word fuckin and all the euphemisms for it, such as friggin, freakin, flippin, and fuggin as in in-fuggin-credible, un-fuckin-believale. In Britain, a common infix is bloody, an obscene term in British English, and its euphemisms, such as blooming. Some languages have circumfixes（环缀）, morphemes that are attached to another morpheme both initially and finally. These are sometimes called discontinuous morphemes.Some morphemes have no meaning in isolation but acquire meaning only in combination with other specific morphemes. Thus the morpheme “huckle”, when joined with “berry”, has the meaning of a special kind of berry; “luke” when combined with “warm” has the meaning “sort of”. Some morphemes occur only in a single word (combined with another morpheme), while other morphemes occur in many words, but seem to lack a constant meaning from one word to another.
蒂。对本书的所有笔记 · · · · · ·
Homonymï¼šdifferent words with the same sound. Spelling=orthography Grammatical category=...
The linguistic term for the most elemental unit of grammatical form is morpheme. The study...
Bound morphemes like –ify and –cation are called derivational morphemes（衍生词素）. Whe...
Not all derivational morphemes cause a change in grammatical class/category. Some morphol...
说明 · · · · · ·