《A Thousand Plateaus》的笔记-Chapter 2: 1914: One or Several Wolves
- 章节名：Chapter 2: 1914: One or Several Wolves
- 2014-04-08 11:14:05
Freud tries to unified the multiplicity into one thing. "But Freud wants the dream to signify the death of someone." ...All of these things are irreducible but bring us to a certain status of the formations of the unconscious.1: What is body without organs? "A body without organs is not an empty body stripped of organs, but a body upon which that which serves as organs (wolves, wolf eyes, wolf jaws?) is distributed according to crowd phenomena, in Brownian motion, in the form of molecular multiplicities. (P.30)The body without organs is not a dead body but a living body all the more alive and teeming once it has blown apart the organism and its organization. The full body without organs is a body populated by multiplicities.2:The nature of these multiplicities and their elements are RHIZOME. The dream of multiplicity is that each element ceaselessly varies and alters its distance in relation to the others. they cannot change without changing their natures. "Exactly like a speed or a temperature, which is not composed of other speeds and temperatures but rather is enveloped and envelops others, each of which marks a change in nature." (P.31) A wolf without a jaw is still a wolfing, a swarming; because the jaw and wolf form a multiplicity that is transformed into eye and wolf, anus and wolf, as a function of other distances, at other speeds, with other multiplicities, between thresholds. (P.32)3: There are no individual statements, there never are. Every statement is the product of a machinic assemblage, in other words, of collective agents of enunciation (take "collective agents" to mean not peoples or societies but multiplicities). (P.37) It is on the contrary, when the individuals opens up to the multiplicities pervading him or her, at the outcome of the most severe operation of depersonalizatoin, that he or she acquires his or her true proper name. The proper name is the instantaneous apprehension of a multiplicity. The proper name is the subject of a pure infinitive comprehended as such in a field of intensity. "Freud considers the sole motor, the immobile motor that must be found everywhere; and a counter-Oedipal apparatus-incest with the sister, schizo-incest, or love with "people of inferior station"; and anality, homosexuality?-all that Freud sees only as Oedipal substitutes, regressions, and derivatives. In truth, Freud sees nothing and understands nothing. He has no idea what a libidinal assemblage is, with all the machineries it brings into play, all the multiple loves." (P.37)We critique psychoanalysis because its used Oedipal enunciation to make patients believe that they would produce individual, personal statements, and would finally speak in their own name. The trap was set from the start: never will the Wolf-Man speak. (P.38)Overall, the key is to understand the meaning of body without organ, assemblage, and multiplicity. Clearly, Deleuze and Guattari in this chapter critique Freud who, in their eyes, does not understand the assemblage of Oedipal and then simply considers all the anomalies as "lacking of daddy." And they apply Rhizome to understand the network of anomalies. Freud consider all the "outliners" as anomalies. Deleuze and Guattari challenge them and argue that they are quite different and have multiplicity. In addition, I am quite fascinated by their discussion of love, of body without organ. I do not think I quite get the meaning of body without organ. But I sort of understand the usefulness of this terminology. We will see.
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