《The Well-Educated Mind》的笔记-第24页
- 章节名：Chapter 2 Wrestling with Books: The Act of Reading
- 页码：第24页 2014-08-04 14:47:52
P24But gathering data and reading -- understanding ideas and how people act when they try to live by those ideas -- are not the same occupation. When you gather data from a newspaper or book, you use the same mechanical skill as when you engage in serious reading. Your eyes move; the words convey meaning to your mind. Yet your mind itself functions in a different way. When you gather data, you become informed. When you read, you develop wisdom -- or, in Mortimer Alder's words, "become enlightened."... To be informed is to collect facts; to be enlightened is to understand an idea (justice, or charity, or human freedom) and use it to make sense of the facts you've gathered.P25...These things must be expressed with precise and evocative words, assembled into complex, difficult sentences. To be enlightened -- to be wise -- you must wrestle with these sentences. Technology can do a great deal to make information gathering easier, but it can do little to simplify the gathering of wisdom. Information washes over us like a sea, and recedes without leaving its trace behind. Wrestling with truth, ... is a time-consuming process that marks us forever.P26... As Kirkpatrick Sale has eloquently pointed out, every technology has its own internal ethical system. Steam technology made size a virtue. In the computerized world, faster is better, and speed is the highest virtue of all. When there is a flood of knowledge to be assimilated, the conduits had better flow fast.P30Peter Kump's Rule Three ("The more prior knowledge of the subject of a written passage the reader has, the easier it is to read fast") should encourage you...
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