- 页码：第1页 2017-11-13 20:04:34
Chapter 6 EvidenceTo state a piont is to tell others what we think about something; to present evidence is to show others that what we think makes sense. Being shown is much more interesting and impresseive than being told. Why, then, does so much writing and speaking consist of piling one opinion on another, with little or no evidence offered in support of any of them?
Three reasons:One reason is that human mind is a veritable opinion factory, so most people have an abundance of opinions to share.Another reason is that people tend to remember their opinions and forget the process by which they got them, much as students remember their final grade in a course long after they have forgotten the tests and homework grades that resulted in it.Another, and in some ways more significant, reason is that sometimes there is little or no evidence to remember---- in other words, the opinion is based on nothing substantial.
以下可以作为我不愿意和别人说一模一样的话、尝试去创造自己的语言体系的reference。Though it is impossible to be certain why they thought as they did, the fact that they expressed the opinion in the very same words incessantly repeated by a half dozen White House advisors and innumerable other Clinton supporters suggests that they simply borrowed the opinion without evaluating it."When called on to support our opinions, we manage to produce only the flimsiest of evidence . We may soothe ourselves with the notion that a thick folder of evidence lies misfiled in our minds, but the very real possibility remains that flimsy evidence was all we ever had.
Critical thinker会做出不一样的选择：Critical thinkers are tempted to commit the same self-deception that plagues others, but they have learned the value of resisting that temptation. More important, they have developed the habit of checking
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It is no exaggeration to say that critical thinking is one of the most important subjec...
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