读过 Literary Theory
性别理论。 This does not mean that gender is a choice, a role you put on, as you choose clothes to put on in the morning. That would suggest that there is an ungendered subject prior to gender who chooses, whereas in fact to be a subject at all is to be gendered: you can’t, in this regime of gender, be a person without being male or female. ‘Subjected to gender but subjectivated [made a subject] by gender,’ writes Butler in Bodies that Matter, ‘the “I” neither precedes nor follows the process of this gendering but emerges only within and as the matrix of gender relations themselves.’ Nor should the performativity of gender be thought of as a singular act, something accomplished by one particular act; rather, it is ‘the reiterative and citational practice’, the compulsory repetition of gender norms that animate and constrain the gendered subject but which are also the resources from which resistance, subversions, and displacement are forged.引自 C7——Performative LanguageFrom this viewpoint, the utterance ‘It’s a girl!’ or ‘It’s a boy!’ by which a baby is, traditionally, welcomed into the world, is less a constative utterance (true or false, according to the situation) than the first in a long series of performatives that create the subject whose arrival they announce. The naming of the girl initiates a continuous process of ‘girling’, the making of a girl, through an ‘assignment’ of compulsory Performative Language repetition of gender norms, ‘the forcible citation of a norm’. To be a subject at all is to be given this assignment of repetition, but – and this is important for Butler – an assignment which we never quite carry out according to expectation, so that we never quite inhabit the gender norms or ideals we are compelled to approximate. In that gap, in the different ways of carrying out the gender’s ‘assignment’, lie possibilities for resistance and change. 引自 C7——Performative Language
文学体裁分类自希腊始。 Historically, many theorists of genre have followed the Greeks, ...
有必要理解小说的叙事吗？小说是幻觉吗？ Through the knowledge they present, narratives p...
身份构建。 The explosion of recent theorizing about race, gender, and sexuality in the ...