- 页码：第1页 2018-11-18 15:03:50
looks at less and sees more
our realities are very different. I am "seeing" much more than he is seeing.
I decided that this was a throw I wanted to cultivate at a very high level.
分解练习 精进技术 融会贯通
If that same tool (the conscious mind) is used for a much smaller amount of information in the same amount of time, then we can see every detail of each letter. Now time feels slowed down.
With practice I'm making networks of chunks and paving more and more neural pathways, which effectively takes huge piles of data and throws it over to my high-speed processor- the unconscious. Now my conscious mind, focusing on less, seems to rev up its shutter speed from, say, four frames per second to 300 or 400 frames per second. The key is to understand that my trained mind is not necessarily working much faster than an untrained mind- it is simply working more effectively, which means that my conscious mind has less to deal with. Because I am looking at less, there are, within the same unit of time, hundreds of frames in my mind, and maybe only a few for my opponent '(whose conscious mind is bogged down with much more data that has not yet been internalized as unconsciously accessible). I can now operate in all those frames that he doesn't even see.
心理战 get into the opponent's heads
It's the mental side of the game that will be critical.
Her he could have just neutralized my pressure, let it go, but instead he held his ground, pushed back. I have engaged his ego. He is already set up.
because his reaction to the one is already predictable. I will move before his two.
The volunteer is answering questions, following, trying to look good onstage. He is engaged in the banter of the illusionist, and then suddenly has a seed planted in his mind. The subtlety of this deception is that if the performer fails to fully engage the man's consious mind, then the clever volunteer will realize he's being programmed and decide to choose another card- the trick won't work.
they players are in a fight to enter each other's heads.
When one player is more aware of these issues than the other, conditioning is quite simple. Real estate moguls furrow their brows, act impatient, check their watches to lull buyers into nervous offers. observe a rhythm, and control the pace of the game. To master these psychological battles, it is essential to understand their technical foundation. These are skills to be cultivated like any other.
I studies until I understood.
When I think about creativity, it is always in relation to a foundation. We have our knowledge. It becomes deeply internalized until we can access it without thinking about it. Then we have a leap that uses what we know to go one or two steps further. We make a discovery. 像砌金字塔
Ther is a connection between that discovery and what you know.
We have created a body of theory around a fleeting moment of inspiration. Now there are techniques and principles that make this weapon accessible all the time. We have taken our pyramid of knowledge up one level and solidified a higher foundation for new leaps.
chunking and carved neural pathways
Chunking relates to the mind's ability to assimilate large amounts of information into a cluster that is bound together by certain patterns or principles particular to a given discipline. Stronger players had better memeories when the positions were taken out of the games of other strong players, because they re-created the positions by taking parts of the board (say five or six pieces) and chunking (merging) them in the mind by their interrlationships. The stronger the player, the more sophisticated was his or her ability to quickyl discover connecting logical patterns between the pieces (attack, defense, tension, pawn chains, etc.) and thus they had better chess memoreis. In a nutshell, chunking relates to the mind's ability to take lots of inofrmaiton, find a harmonizing/logically consistent strain, and put it together in to one mental file that can be accessed as if it were a single piece of information.
"carved neural pathways"- the process of creating chunks and the navigation system between chunks.
Let's say that I spend fifteen years studying chess. During these thousands of hours, my mind is effectively cutting paths through the dense jungle of chess. The jungle analogy is a good one. Imagine how time-consuming it would be to use a machete to cut your way through thick foliage. A few miles could take days. Once the path is cleared, however, you could move quickly through the clearing. If you were to make a road and ride a bike or other vehicle, the transportation would get faster still.
When confronted by a new chess position, initially I have to plod through the variations. During this process, I discover organizing principles and new patterns of movement. This new information gets systematized into a network of chunks that I can access with increasing ease as my navigational function improves.
Chess pieces stop being hunks of wood or plastic, and begin to take on an energetic dimension. Where the piece currently sits on a chessboard pales in comparison to the countless vectors of potential flying off in the mind. I see how each piece affects those around it. Because the basic movements are natural to me, I can take in more information and have a broader perspective of the board. Now when I look at a chess position, I can see all the pieces at once. The network is coming together.
Over time, that process becomes increasingly natural to me, until I eventually see the pieces and the appropriate principles in a blink.
The pieces gradually lose absolute identity. I learn that rooks and bishops work more efficiently together than rooks and knights, but queens and knights tend to have an edge over queens and bishops. Each piece's power is purely relational, depending upon such variables as pawn structure and surrounding forces. So now when you look at a knight, you see its potential in the context of the bishop a few squares away.
总结：laying a solid foundation by studying positions of reduced complexity (endgame before opening). then we apply the internalized principles to increasingly complex scenarios. In Making Smaller Circles we take a single technique or idea and practice it until we feel its essence. Then we gradually condense the movements while maintaining their power, until we are left with an extremely potent and nearly invisible arsenal. We again focus on a select group of techniques and internalize them until the mind perceives them in tremendous detail. After training in this manner, we can see more frames in an equal amount of time, so things feel slowed down. We use our cultivation of the last tow principles to control the intention of the opponent- and again, we do this by zooming in on very small details to which others are completely oblivious.
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