- 页码：第1页 2019-04-28 15:39:53
Genes that predispose to depression only do so in a stressful environment.
p93: stress early in life can alter your vulnerability to disease throughout your lifetime.
Features that dominate as psychologically stressful: a loss of control and of predictability within certain contexts, a loss of outlets for frustration, a loss of sources of support, a perception of life worsening. —>A perception that events are improving helps tremendously.
p255: humans deal better with stress when we have outlets for frutsration — punch a wall, take a run, find solace in a hobby. We are cerebral enough to imaginethose outlets and derive some relief 想象一个让你舒适的地方..
A central feature of an outlet being effective is if it distracts from the stressor & more importantly is that is also be sth positive for you — a reminder that there is more to life than whatever is making you crazed and stressed at the time.
p283 neurotransmitters 和抑郁症的关系: serotonin (a sense that life is grey…?), norepinephrine (psychomotor), dopamine (pleasure, motivation)
p289 Endocrinology激素 and depression: thyroid hormone甲状腺激素 -> depression; female more likely get depression because ruminatingover sth upsetting +lack of power and control + hormone fluctuations (estrogen & progesterone; birth-control pills can get women depressed)
p303 Learned helplessness <— a sense of lacking control.
So, if having a stronginternalized locus of control(a belief that they were the masters of their own destiny and have a great deal of control in their lives, rather than attributing outcomes to chance and luck), less vulnerable to learned helplessness.
Seligman: depression is not generalized pessimism, but pessimism specific to the effects of one’s own skilled actions.
p416 true affiliation and support != mere socializing; seek the former.
most of us yearn to feel of sth larger than ourselves
-seek control in the face of presentstressors but do not try to control things that have already come to pass or future or, try to fix things beyond repair or not broken.
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