- 页码：第90页 2019-08-26 22:14:48
2.另一个理由针对反思中呈现的自我分裂结构——按胡塞尔，自然态度中“如是的生命”（life as such）已经是自我分裂的产物了。。（活的当下吗？）Putting matters this way, it becomes apparent that the natural attitude can never be seen as an unmodified primitive condition onto which an “unmotivated” refl ection “imposes”a modification. Rather, reflection is “only” a modification which, while being more radical than every “natural” modifi cation (even “natural reflection”), is founded genetically in the lifeworldly modifi cations of various interests. When one has provided evidence that natural life is always an abiding fl ow of modifi cations, then refl ection in its deepest levels of founding is genetically explained. Refl ection is a change of perspective from this natural life, but one which is not in principle different from the “normal” act- life. As a break with the natural attitude, refl ection is a “splitting of the Ego,” that is, a radical change in perspective. However, the order of founding makes clear: the fi rst splitting of the Ego is not refl ection, but rather is life as such, as is already described in First Philosophy, “continually- in- an- active- comportment- of- self- splitting [Sich- immerfort- intätigem- Verhalten- Spalten]” (Hua VIII, 91). This complex structure has now become concrete: this abiding self- splitting in which a new harmony is continuously produced is nothing other than “modifi cation.” Simultaneously, an original notion of the natural attitude is refuted that it would be a primitive condition unbroken by any modifi cation, a condition which would be comparable to life in an intellectual wasteland. Such a state of mind has never existed nor will it ever exist.
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Transcendental subjectivity is not in the world; it constitutes it. Only the splitting ...
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