读过 Trick Mirror
"Virtue signaling", a term most often used by conservatives criticizing the lift. It is a bipartisan, even apolitical action. Few of us are totally immune to the practice, as it intersects with real desire for political integrity. Posting photos from a protest against border family separation, as I did while writing this, is a microscopically meaningful action, an expression of genuine princple, and also, inescapable, some sort of attempt to signal that I am good.
The internet has already rewired the brains of its uers, returning us to a state of primitive hyperawareness and istraction while overloading us with much more sensory input than was ever possible in primitive times. It has already built an ecosystem that runs on exploiting attention and monetizing the self.
5 intersecting problems:
1. how the internet is built to distend our sense of identity;
2. how it encourages us to overvalue our opinions;
3. how it maximizes our sense of opopsition
4. how it cheapens our understanding of solidarity
5. how it destoys our sens of scale.
Goffman observes the difference between doing osmething and expressing the doing of something between feeling something and conveying a feeling. "The representation of an activity will vary in some degreee from teh activity itself and therefore inevitably misrepresent it." Goffman writes. The internet is engineered for this sort of misrepresentation: it's desinged to enoucrage us to create certain impressions rather than allowing these impressions to arise "as an incidental by-product of acitivity."
There is a version of this mutual escalation that applies to any belif system, which brings me back to Bari Weiss and all other writers who have fashioned themselves as brave contrarians, building entire arguments on random protests and harsh tweets, making themselves deeply dependent on the people who hate them the people they hate. It is nearly impossible, today, to separate engagement from magnification. Trolls and bad writers and the president know better than anyone: when you call someone terrible, you just end up promoting their work.
The political philopher Sally Scholz separates solidarity into three categories:
- social solidarity, which is based on common experience
- civic solidarity, which is based on moral obligation to a community;
- political solidarity, which is based on a shared commitment to a cause. 引自 The I in the Internet
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