Sunny对《菊与刀》的笔记(1)

Sunny
Sunny

读过 菊与刀

菊与刀
  • 书名: 菊与刀
  • 作者: (美)鲁思・本尼迪克特
  • 副标题: 日本文化的类型
  • 页数: 218
  • 出版社: 商务印书馆
  • 出版年: 1990-6
  • 第160页
    日本人性格的二元性造成种种紧张。对这些紧张,日本人的反应并不一样。虽然每个人都要对同一个基本问题作出自己的决定,即如何协调儿时处处被宽容的骄纵经验和后来生活里动辄关系到自身安危的束缚。
    很多日本人都感到难以解决这个问题。一些人像道学家那样,一丝不苟地约束自己的生活,为空纵情会跟实际生活发生冲突 - 正因这种纵情并非幻想,儿时却曾有过的经历,这种恐惧也就更加严重;有些人会态度超然,墨守自己所指定的规则,并由此认为自己就是能发好施令的权威;有些人则更加意识分裂,害怕这自己心中淤积的反抗情绪,为了防止意识到自己的真是感情,以表面的温顺来加以掩饰,吧思虑沉溺于日常琐事,每天机械上演着那些基本上毫无意义的生活常规;另外还有一些人,由于对儿时生活感情更加是宁可,成人后面临社会对他们的一切要求,会感到严重焦虑。他们试图更加依赖别人,但年龄已经不再允许。他们感到任何失败都是对权威的背叛,动辄就陷入紧张和激动。凡是不能以常规处理的意外事件都会让他们感到恐惧。
    2013-07-18 23:31:21 回应

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