Sunny对《The Elephant in the Brain》的笔记(1)

The Elephant in the Brain
  • 书名: The Elephant in the Brain
  • 作者: Kevin Simler/Robin Hanson
  • 副标题: Hidden Motives in Everyday Life
  • 页数: 416
  • 出版社: Oxford University Press
  • 出版年: 2018-1-2
  • 第89页
    Our minds are built to sabotage information in order to come out ahead in social games. When big parts of our minds are unaware of how we try to violate social norms, it's more difficult for others to detect and prosecute those violations. This also makes it harder for us to calculate optimal behaviors, but overall, the trade-off is worth it.
    Of all the things we might be self-deceived about, the most importatnt are our own motives.
    P158
    Box 12: Lovers and Leaders
    Conversational and oratorical skills are also prized attributed of leaders around the world.
    The competition to show off as a potential lover or leader also helps explain why language often seems more elaborate than necessary to communicate idea.
    Education gives students a chance to advertise the attractive qualities they already have.
    Box 15: Medicine: in aggregate, to all practices for diagnosing, treating, or preventing illness.
    5 measures of overall well-being:
    - physcial functioning
    - role functioning (at work)
    - mental health
    - social healthy
    -general health perception
    Box 7: Body language
    we're referring not just to arm movements and torso positioning, but more generally to all forms of "non-verbal communication." The concept includes facial expressions, eye behaviors, touch, use of space, and everything we do with our voices besides uttering words: tone, timbre, volume, and speaking style.
    Box 8: Signa;s vs. Cues
    In biology, a signal is a behavior or trait used by one animal, the "sender," to change the behavior of another animal, the "receiver.". Some signals are deceptive and used to manipulate the receiver, but most are honest, providing benefit to both senders and receivers.
    A cue is similar to a signal, in that it conveys information, except that it benefits only the receiver. I.e. a cue conveys information the sender might wish to conceal.

    2018-10-04 10:01:51 回应

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