Collins Cobuild – Compact English Dictionary (11) 更多

  • 第308页
    immigrant immigrants. N-C An immigrant is a person who has come to live in a country from another country. immigration â’ˆN-U Immigration is the fact or process of people coming into a country in...
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    royal ADJ Royal means related to or belonging to a king,queen or emperor,or to a member of their family. …the Japanese royal couple. royalist royalists. N-C A royalist is someone who thinks it i...
  • 第395页
    monarch monarchs. N-C A monarch is a king or queen. monarchist monarchists. ADJ & N-C If someone has monarchist opinions or if they are a monarchist,they believe that their country should hav...
  • 第511页
    造反(者),反叛(者),叛逆(者) rebel, rebels, rebelling, rebelled; verb,noun. ⒈N-C Rebels are people who are fighting against their own country's army in order to change the political system there....
  • 第687页
    uprising uprisings. N-C When there is an uprising,a group of people start fighting against the people who are in power in their country.
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    intellectual intellectuals ⒈ ADJ BEFORE N Intellectual means involving a person's ability to think and to understand ideas and information. …the intellectual development of children. ◆intellect...
  • 第143页
    cult cults. ⒈ N-C A cult is a fairly small religious group,especially one which is considered strange. The teenager may have been abducted by a religious cult. ⒉ N-SING & ADJ When a person,o...
  • 第444页
    parliament parliaments. N-VAR The parliament of a country is the group of people who make or change its laws. ● See note at government.See also Member of Parliament. parliamentary ADJ BEFORE N P...
  • 第532页
    revolution revolutions. â’ˆ N-VAR A revolution is a successful attempt by a large group of people to change their country's political system,using force. The period since the revolution has been on...
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    liberty liberties. ⒈ N-VAR Liberty is the freedom to live your life in the way that you want and go where you want to go. …the rights and liberties of the English people. ⒉ PHRASE If someone is a...
  • 第113页
    communist communists. N-C & ADJ A communist is someone who supports a political system in which the state controls the means of production,and everyone is supposed to be equal. …communist rebel...

托起明天的太阳 (9) 更多

  • 第311页
    勤奋篇(选) 61.功崇惟志,业广惟勤。 ——《尚书·周书·周官》 62.业精于勤,荒于嬉;行成于思,毁于随。 ...
  • 第310页
    自强篇(选) 51.天行健,君子以自强不息。 ——《易·乾》 52.不自强而成功者,天下未之有也。 ——..
  • 第306页
    生命篇(选) 21.生无益于时,死无闻于后,是自弃也。 《资治通鉴》卷九四《晋纪十六》陶侃语 22.生,亦我所欲也,义,亦..
  • 第305页
    理想篇(选) 11.路曼曼其修远兮,吾将上下而求索。 ——屈原《离骚》 12.不飞则已,一飞冲天;不鸣则已,一鸣惊人。——《史记》卷一二六《滑稽列传》 13....
  • 第304页
    立志篇(选) 1.人须先立志,立志则有根本。譬如树木须先有个根本,然后培养,能成合抱之木。 ...
  • 第264页
    一辆军车,疾驶在白雪覆盖的旷野上,把地上玉屑似的雪末碾成雪泥,甩在两条清晰的车辙旁。 车停在日本兵营,荷枪实弹的日本宪兵,从车上抬下来一具尸体。 “马上给我解剖,看看他到底吃...
  • 第22页
    …… 校规与教职员的命令,我们应当有一番判断,然后去服从他。我们亦不一定完全服从,若是有不合理而应当反抗的地方,我们量自己的能力,有时候亦可以反抗。即使事实上不能反抗,我们亦只是忍辱而屈服,..
  • 第18页
    ……我自己,是什么也不怕的,生命是我自己的东西,所以我不妨大步走去,向着我自以为可以走去的路;即使前面是深渊,荆棘,狭谷,火坑,都由我自己负责。然而向青年说话可就难了,如果盲人瞎马,引入危途,我就该...
  • 第5页
    同志们,朋友们: 今天我们在这里集会,纪念五四运动七十一周年,庆祝五四青年节。我代表中共中央、国务院、中央军委,向全国各民族青年工人、青年农民、青年军人、青年知识分子和所有青年,致以节日的祝..

韩非子妙语选 (30) 更多

  • 第30页
    大臣无重,则兵弱于外;父兄犯法,则政乱于内。兵弱于外,政乱于内,此亡国之本也。 ...
  • 第29页
    凡明主之治国也,任其势。势不可害,则虽强天下,无奈何也。 ——《韩非子·难三》
  • 第28页
    万乘之患,大臣太重;千乘之患,左右太信,此人主之公患也。 ——《韩非子·孤愤》
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    公私不可不明,法禁不可不审,先王之知矣。 ——《韩非子·饰邪》
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    私义行则乱,公义行则治,故公私有分。 ——《韩非子·饰邪》
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    明主之道,必明于公私之分,明法制,去私恩。 《韩非子·饰邪》
  • 第212页
    民之外事,莫难于战,故轻法不可以使之。 ——《商君书·外内》 民之内事,莫苦于农,故轻治不可以使之。 ——《商君书·外内》
  • 第209页
    圣人知治国之要,故令民归心于农。 ——《商君书·农战》
  • 第209页
    国之所以兴者,农战也。 ——《商君书·农战》
  • 第27页
    昔者韩昭侯醉而寝,典冠者见君之寒也,故加衣于君之上。觉寝而说,问左右曰:“谁加衣者?”左右对曰:“典冠。”君因兼罪典衣于典冠。其罪典衣,以为失其事也;其罪典冠,以为越其职也。非不恶寒也,以为..
  • 第27页
    明于治之数,则国虽小,富;赏罚敬信,民虽寡,强。 《韩非子·饰邪》
  • 第26页
    为人臣者陈而言,君以其言授之事,专以其事责其功。功当其事,事当其言,则赏;功不当其事,事不当其言,则罚。 ...
  • 第25页
    明主之国,令者,言最贵者也;法者,事最适者也。言无二贵,法不两适,故言行而不轨于法令者,必禁。 ...
  • 第24页
    且夫百日不食,以待粱肉,饿者不活。今待尧舜之贤,乃治当世之民,是犹待粱肉而救饿之说也。 ...
  • 第25页
    明主听其言必责其用,观其行必求其功。然则虚旧之学不谈,矜诬之行不饰矣。 《韩非子·六反》
  • 第24页
    舍必不亡之术而道必灭之事,治国者之过也。智困于外!而政乱于内,则亡不可振也。 《韩非...
  • 第20页
    祸莫大于不知足。 ——《韩非子·解老》
  • 第19页
    人有福则富贵至,富贵至则衣食美,衣食美则骄心生,骄心生则行邪僻而动弃理。行邪僻则身死夭,动弃理则无成功。夫内有死夭之难,而外无成功之名者,大祸也。而祸本生于有福,故曰:“福兮,祸之所伏。” ...
  • 第17页
    杨朱之弟杨布,衣素衣而出,天雨,解素衣,衣缁衣而反,其狗不知而吠之。杨布怒,将击之。杨朱曰:“子毋击之,子亦犹是。曩者使女狗白而往、黑而来,子岂能毋怪哉?” ...
  • 第15页
    秦伯嫁其女于晋公子,为之饰装,从衣文之媵七十人。至晋,晋人爱其妾,而贱公女。此可谓善嫁妾,而未可谓善嫁女也。 ...
  • 第12页
    人不食十日则死;大寒之隆,不衣亦死。谓之衣、食,孰急于人?则是不可一无也,皆养生之具也。 《..
  • 第11页
    夫尧、舜生而上位,虽有十桀、纣不能乱者,则势治也。桀、纣亦生而上位,虽有十尧、舜而亦不能治者,则势乱也。故曰:“势治者则不可乱;而势乱者则不可治也。”此自然之势也,非人之所得设也。 ...
  • 第10页
    儒以文乱法,侠以武犯禁,而人主兼礼之,此所以乱也。 《韩非子·五蠹》
  • 第9页
    故孔、墨之后,儒分为八,墨离为三,取舍相反不同,而皆自谓真孔、墨;孔、墨不可复生,将谁使定后世之学乎? ...
  • 第9页
    世之显学,儒,墨也。儒之所至,孔丘也;墨之所至,墨翟也。 《韩非子·显学》
  • 第214页
    凡战法必本于政胜。 ——《商君书·战法》 王者之政,使民怯于私斗,而勇于寇战。 ——《商君书·战法》
  • 第216页
    四战之国贵守战。 ——《商君书·兵守》 守有城之邑,不知以死人之力与客生力战,其城拔。 ——《商君书·兵守》
  • 第4页
    利之所在,民归之;名之所彰,士死之。 《韩非子·外储说左上》
  • 第3页
    徭役多则民苦,民苦则权势起,权势起则复除重,复除重则贵人富。苦民以富贵人,起势以藉人臣,非天下长利也。 ...
  • 第1页
    侈而惰者贫,而力而俭者富。今上征敛于富人,以布施于贫家,是夺力俭而与侈惰也;而欲索民之疾作而节用,不可得也。 ...

柯林斯COBUILD高级英汉双解词典 (27) 更多

  • 第780页
    The spelling Orthodox is also used for meanings ⒉ and ⒊ ★ orthodox ⒈ ADJ Orthodox beliefs,methods,or systems are ones which are accepted or used by most people. 正统的(观念、方法、制度等) ..
  • 第565页
    incest N-UNCOUNT Incest is the crime of two members of the same family having sexual intercourse,such as a father and daughter,or a brother and sister. 乱伦 □ Oedipus,according to ancient Greek le...
  • 第1139页
    ★Thanksgiving (Thanksgivings) ⒈ N-VAR In the United States,Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a public holiday on the fourth Thursday in November.On this day,people remember the first American ...
  • 第315页
    disobedience N-UNCOUNT Disobedience is deliberately not doing what someone tells you to do,or what a rule or law says that you should do. 不服从,不顺从 □A single act of rebellion or disobedience ...
  • 第1184页
    ▲ turmoil (turmoils) N-VAR Turmoil is a state of confusion,disorder,uncertainty,or great anxiety. 混乱;骚乱
  • 第726页
    ▲ Muslim ◆◆◇ (Muslims) ⒈ N-COUNT A Muslim is someone who believes in Islam and lives according to its rules. 穆斯林(即伊斯兰教信徒) ⒉ ADJ Muslim means relating to Islam or Muslims. 穆斯林的;..
  • 第167页
    ★ Catholic ◆◇◇ (Catholics) ⒈ ADJ The Catholic Church is the branch of the Christian Church that accepts the Pope as the leader and is based in the Vatican in Rome. 天主教的 □…the Catholic Chu...
  • 第65页
    atheism N-UNCOUNT Atheism is the belief that there is no God.Compare agnosticism. 无神论 atheist (atheists) N-COUNT An atheist is a person who believes there is no God.Compare agnostic. 无神论者 ...
  • 第597页
    Islam ◆◆◇ ⒈ N-UNCOUNT Islam is the religion of the Muslims,which was started by Mohammed. 伊斯兰教 □He converted to Islam at the age of 16. 他在16岁时皈依了伊斯兰教。 ⒉ N-UNCOUNT Some people ...
  • 第139页
    ▲ Buddhism N-UNCOUNT Buddhism is a religion which teaches that the way to end suffering is by overcoming your desires. 佛教 →see religion ▲ Buddhist (Buddhists) ⒈ N-COUNT A Buddhist is a per...
  • 第876页
    ▲ Protestant (Protestant) ⒈ N-COUNT A Protestant is a Christian who belongs to the branch of the Christian church that separated from the Catholic church in the sixteenth century. 新教徒 ⒉ ADJ P...
  • 第184页
    Christian ◆◆◇ (Christians) ⒈ N-COUNT A Christian is someone who follows the teachings of Jesus Christ. 基督教徒 □He was a devout Christian. 他曾是一个虔诚的基督教徒。 ⒉ ADJ Christian means rel...
  • 第924页
    religion ◆◇◇ (religions) ⒈ N-UNCOUNT Religion is belief in a god or gods and the activities that are connected with this belief,such as praying or worshiping in a building such as a church or te...
  • 第876页
    protest ◆◆◇ (protests,protesting,protested) ⒈ V-T/V-I If you protest something or protest against something,you say or show publicly that you object to it. 抗议 □They were protesting soaring p...
  • 第1188页
    ▲ tyranny (tyrannies) ⒈ N-VAR A tyranny is a cruel,harsh,and unfair government in which a person or small group of people have power over everyone. 专制暴政 □Self-expression and individuality are...
  • 第932页
    republic ◆◆◇ (republics) N-COUNT A republic is a country where power is held by the people or the representatives that they elect.Republics have presidents who are elected,rather than kings or qu...
  • 第127页
    ★ boycott (boycotts,boycotting,boycotted) V-T If a country,group,or person boycotts a country,organization,or activity,they refuse to be involved with it in any way because they disapprove of it. ..
  • 第1044页
    socialism N-UNCOUNT Socialism is a set of political principles whose general aim is to create a system in which everyone has an equal opportunity to benefit from a country's wealth.Under socialism,t...
  • 第679页
    Marxism N-UNCOUNT Marxism is a political philosophy based on the writings of Karl Marx which stress the importance of the struggle between different social classes. 马克思主义 Marxist (Marxists) ...
  • 第287页
    democracy ◆◆◇(democracies) ⒈ N-UNCOUNT Democracy is a system of government in which people choose their rulers by voting for them in elections. 民主政体 □The spread of democracy in Eastern Euro...
  • 第873页
    ★ propaganda N-UNCOUNT Propaganda is information,often inaccurate information,that a political organization publishes or broadcasts in order to influence people. (政治组织的)宣传 [DISAPPROVAL] □Th...
  • JOHN SINCLAIR Founding Editor-in-Chief,Collins COBUILD Dictionaries 1933-2007
    John Sinclair was Professor of Modern English Language at the University of Birmingham for most of his career;he was an outstanding scholar,one of the very first modern corpus linguists,and one of t...
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    ▲dissident (dissidents) ⒈ N-COUNT Dissidents are people who disagree with and criticize their government,especially because it is undemocratic. 异议分子 □…political dissidents. …政治异议分子。 ...
  • 第301页
    ★ dictator (dictators) N-COUNT A dictator is a ruler who has complete power in a country,especially power which was obtained by force and is used unfairly or cruelly. 独裁者 □…foreign dictators w...
  • 第1165页
    totalitarian ADJ A totalitarian political system is one in which there is only one political party which contrals everything and does not allow any opposition parties. 极权主义的 [DISAPPROVAL] □…a...
  • 第212页
    â–²communism also Communism N-UNCOUNT Communism is the political belief that all people are equal,that there should be no private ownership and that workers should control the means of producing thin...
  • 第158页
    ▲capitalism N-UNCOUNT Capitalism is an economic and political system in which property,business,and industry are owned by private individuals and not by the state. 资本主义 □…the two fundmentally...

“中间地带”的革命 (10) 更多

  • 第133页
    湖南农民运动的口号:“有土皆豪,无绅不劣”!
  • 1991年版序 杨奎松
    共产党所领导的中国革命史一次成功的革命,这是历史已经证明了的。但是,通向成功的道路又是如何向前延伸的呢?如果我们没有忘记,中国最初并不是共产主义思想的故乡;如果我们还记得20世纪20年代初组织起..
  • 第27页
    输出革命,俄共代表的作用和中共早期组织产生的背景 和罗易描述的情况有很大差异的是,在当时的中国其实还没有出现像他所说的那种“无产阶级的先锋队”组织。但是,即使在俄国,共产党也向来是由...
  • 第24页
    共产国际二大:为殖民地革命开辟一条达到解放的新道路 …… 在1916年上半年,列宁曾深入地研究过帝国主义形成及其命运问题。他当时就特别注意到马克思过去不大注意的帝国主义与殖民..
  • 再版序 (节录)
    说起来,这是一本旧书,尽管读过旧书的读者可能会觉得它已面目一新。 本书断断续续写作于1988—1989年,出版于1991年。起因是1987年秋我从中共中央党校调到中国人民大学中共党史系,人在中外关系教...
  • 第22页
    共产国际二大:为殖民地革命开辟一条达到解放的新道路 ……在第一次世界大战期间,列宁及布尔什维克就坚决反对民族主义和民族沙文主义,反对任何形式的“保卫祖国”宣传。他们主张使本国在战争中失败,最终也确实...
  • 第14页
    毛泽东:俄国革命,是山穷水尽诸路皆走不通了的一个变计 但是,有一些人对种种改良平和的主张感到绝望,他们渐渐开始转向革命的社会主义。典型地代表着这种倾向的毛泽东这时就得出结论说:“绝对的自由..
  • 第17页
    列宁:要么是资本主义国家立刻爆发革命,要么是我们灭亡 运用暴力手段加速资本主义的灭亡,这是马克思曾经强调过的革命主张。作为革命家的马克思,十分重视阶级斗争的作用,他早就把19世纪资本主义社会内..
  • 第11页
    李大钊:社会的变革,应“由人民自己一小部分一小部分创造” ……不仅如此,面对战后各国社会革命和工人运动的强大浪潮,人们迅速把民主主义纳入社会主义的概念之中,确信二者或者相辅相成,或者亦步亦趋,而社会...
  • 第1页
    寄希望于威尔逊大总统的中国人,被中国在巴黎和会上所遭受的屈辱强烈地刺激了。对西方资本主义列强主持正义的幻灭,导致大批中国知识分子把目光投向了社会主义。俄国十月革命的成功,诞生了世界上第一个号..
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