启罗米突对《The Manchurian Myth》的笔记(2)

启罗米突
启罗米突 (艳照古称多慷慨悲歌之士)

读过 The Manchurian Myth

The Manchurian Myth
  • 书名: The Manchurian Myth
  • 作者: Rana Mitter
  • 副标题: Nationalism, Resistance, and Collaboration in Modern China
  • 页数: 326
  • 出版社: University of California Press
  • 出版年: 2000-10-2
  • 第228页
    Politics and history are closely connected in all societies, but in few places is the link between them spelled out as openly as in China. The celebration of the resistance, and the partial rehabilitation in the 1980s and 1990s of even so controversial a figure as Chiang Kaishek, suggests that the Chinese have rediscovered their de Gaulles, a few decades late. The question arises as to how far they will investigate their heroes’ shortcomings, or indeed whether they will go on to look at their Pétains. Although the issue of collaboration as well as the complications in the myth of resistance in Manchuria have begun to surface in China at the end of the twentieth century, the topic seems likely to remain sensitive for a long time to come.
    引自第228页
    2014-05-13 18:52:52 回应
  • 第55页
    The relationship between Zhang Xueliang and Chiang Kaishek is complex here, particularly in light of the knowledge that Zhang accepted Chiang Kaishek’s policy of nonresistance to the Japanese after the occupation in 1931. We may never know the full details of what went through his mind, but it is worth considering some of the assessments of his motivations made by informed observers. Nelson T. Johnson, American Minister in China, explained Zhang’s long period of neutrality in the following terms: 1. Chang Hsueh-liang remembered that his father had never been able to find an ally south of the Great Wall whom he could trust; 2. He suspected Marshal Feng Yu-hsiang (the “Christian General”) not only because he had been his father’s enemy in 1926, but also because of his former flirtations with Soviet Russia; while Yen Hsi-shan had fought his father in 1927; 3. But he also distrusted General Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang as at present constituted, because he did not believe in the latter’s policy of making the Government a party monopoly . . . besides, it was Chiang who had forced his father to retreat from Beiping in 1928; 4. He feared that if he took sides, he might cause a split among his own followers. It is well known, for example, that the influential old governor of Kirin, General Chang Tso-hsiang, was in favor of conservative neutrality; that the governor of Heilungkiang, General Wan Fu-lin, advocated supporting Feng Yu-hsiang and Yen Hsi-shan; while a small group of younger men favored the Nanking Government in the hope of gaining lucrative jobs and rapid advancement; 5. Manchuria was by far the most prosperous and tranquil part of China and stood everything to lose and very little to gain by active participation in the civil war; 6. Japan doubtless encouraged Chang’s neutral policy as it would be against her interests to see Manchuria become a pawn in the senseless struggle for power between the great military groups
    引自第55页
    2014-05-13 20:19:05 回应

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