hedgehog对《Why We Get Sick》的笔记(16)

hedgehog
hedgehog (靡不有初,鲜克有终)

读过 Why We Get Sick

Why We Get Sick
  • 书名: Why We Get Sick
  • 作者: Randolph M. Nesse/George C. Williams
  • 副标题: The New Science of Darwinian Medicine
  • 页数: 304
  • 出版社: Vintage
  • 出版年: 1996-1
  • 第59页
    This evolutionary perspective suggests that diseases spread by personal contact should generally be less virulent than those conveyed by insects or other vectors. Do the facts fit this expectations? They do.
    2014-01-16 15:32:55 回应
  • 第58页
    As a rule, all else being equal, such within-host selection favors increased virulence, while between-host selection acts to decrease it. A recent comparative study of eleven species of fig wasps and their parasites confirmed that increased opportunities for parasite transmission are associated with increased parasite virulence.
    2014-01-16 15:36:20 回应
  • 第67页
    Pain is the signal that tissue is being damaged. It has to be aversive to motive us to set aside other activities to do whatever is necessary to stop the damage. Fear is a signal that a situation may be dangerous, that some kind of loss or damage is likely, that escape is desirable.
    2014-01-17 14:55:55 回应
  • 第88页
    Nausea and food aversions during pregnancy evolved, she argues, to impose dietary restrictions on the mother and thereby minimize detal exposure to toxins.
    2014-01-20 15:56:20 回应
  • 第90页
    Modern-day children and adults would both benefit from eating more of our modern low-toxin vegetables, but there may be a good evolutionary explanation for why children steadfastly resist eating their vegetables.
    2014-01-20 15:58:07 回应
  • 第97页
    natural selection does not select for health, but only for reproductive success. If a gene does not reduce the average number of surviving offspring, it may remain common even if it also causes a devasting illness. There are genes that cause disease but may possibly increase reproductive success (at least in modern societies) - notably the genes that cause anic-depressive illness. During manic some patients become sexually aggressive, while others accomplish feats that make them successul and thus attractive. If a gene increase the rate of successful reproduction - by whatever mechanism - it will spread.
    2014-01-21 14:47:12 回应
  • 第122页
    Some may find it a consolation to know that senescence is the price we pay for vigor in youth. There is also relief as well as disappointment in knowing that no medical advance is ever likely to extend our lives to any dramatic extent. The search for some pill or exercise or diet that can save us from senescence may be replaced by an appreciation of life as it is, of vigorous function at whatever age. The preoccupation with living forever is likely to be supplanted by a desire to like as fully as possible, while it is possible.
    2014-01-22 15:11:31 回应
  • 第167页
    As Thomas Huxley once observed, truth is more likely to emerge from error than from vagueness
    2014-01-29 17:53:12 回应
  • 第171页
    Confucius once said something like: A common man marvels at uncommon things; a wise man marvels at the commonplace. To marvel at the commonplace of not having cancer and at the mechanisms that make this possible may be the key to understanding how to make cancer even more uncommon.
    2014-01-31 14:09:59 回应
  • 第189页
    Males are relatively more interested in fertility and sexual loyalty, females in good genes and resources.
    2014-02-01 14:56:25 回应
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