hedgehog对《The Mind of the Market》的笔记(9)

hedgehog
hedgehog (靡不有初,鲜克有终)

读过 The Mind of the Market

The Mind of the Market
  • 书名: The Mind of the Market
  • 作者: Michael Shermer
  • 副标题: Compassionate Apes, Competitive Humans, and Other Tales from Evolutionary Economics
  • 页数: 336
  • 出版社: Times Books
  • 出版年: 2007-12-26
  • 第12页
    The fact is, we are both selfish and selfless, cooperative and competitive, peacefull and bellicose, prosocial and antisocial. There exist in both life and economies mutual struggle and mutual aid. In the main, however, the balance in our nature is heavily on the side of good over evil. For every random act of violence that makes the evening news, there are ten thousand nonrandom acts of kindness that go unrecoreded every day.
    2012-10-04 04:34:34 回应
  • prologue
    About thirty years ago there was much take that geologists ought only to observe and not theorize, and I well remember someone saying that at this rate a man as well go into a gravel-pit and count the pebbles and describe the colours. How odd it is that anyone should not see that all observation must be for or against some view if it is to be of any service!
    2012-10-04 04:37:43 回应
  • 第64页
    Exploring these differences in evolution versus technology tells us something deeper about cultural change. The trees of biological and cultural change diverge even more deeply in terms of what drives each system. Biological species are driven primarily by a need to survive, which includes food, water, reproduction, shelter from the elements, protection from predators, and so fother. Human, as biological species, have all thee needs, but we have more, many more..... Our basic needs have always been there. What we developed were new wants..... This desire for a more fulfilling exitence is what it means to be human. We build typeweiters and computers, bicycles, and automobiles, not so much because we need them but because we want them.
    2012-10-10 03:43:31 回应
  • 第72页
    The problem with this method can be found in what Pronin calls the introspection illusion, in which people trust themselves to employ the subjective process of introspection but do not believe that others can be trusted to do the same. Okay fo me but not for thee. "We view our perceptions of out mental contents and processes as the gold standard for understanding our actions, motives, and preferences," Pronin explanied to me, "But, we don not view others' perceptions of their mental contents and processes as the gold standard fro understanding their actions, motives, and preferences. This 'illusion' that our introspections are a gold standard lead us to introspect to find evidence of bias and we are thus likely to infer that we have been biased, since most biases operate outside the conscious awareness."
    2012-10-11 03:57:27 回应
  • 第90页
    We all make similar arguments about decisions in our own lives: we hang on to losing stocks, unprofitable investments, failing businesses, and unsuccessful relationships. But why wshould past costs influence us? Rationally, we should just compute the odds of succeeding from this point forward, and then decide if addtional investment warrants the potential payoff. But we are conditioned to overvalue the status quo.
    2012-10-12 03:21:59 回应
  • 第92页
    In science, we have built-in self-correcting machinery. Strict double-blind controls are required in experiments, in which neither the subjects nor the experimenters know the experimental conditions during the data collection phase.....Disconfirming evidence, as well as contradictory interpretations of the data, must be included in a paper. Colleagues are rewarded for being skeptical....In other words, if you don't seek contradictory data against your theory or beliefs, someone else will, usually with great glee and in a public forum, for maximal humiliation.
    只想说 exactly!!!
    2012-10-12 03:25:29 回应
  • 第139页
    Rationally speaking, there is no difference between being alive and being not dead; emotionally spkeaing, there is. Science can now tell us what that difference is. It turns out that such subjective evaluations, particularly how choices are framed (lucky to be alive versus lucky not dead), affect how we view the world, especially our happiness.
    2012-10-17 04:03:34 回应
  • 第151页
    "Wonderful things are especially wonderful the first time they happen." Gilbert explains, "but their wonderfulness wanes with repetition." Conecting psychology to economics to life, Gilbert notes with wry humor: "Psychologists call this habituation, economists call it declining marginal utility, and the rest of us call it marriage."
    2012-10-17 04:06:01 回应
  • 第259页
    Chinese Bureaucrats can attempt to put all the firewalls and controls they want a billion potential Chinese Web surfers, but they will never be able to prevent knowledge, products, and people from finding their way to thoses who seek them. Freedom finds a way.
    2012-10-29 03:34:22 回应

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