hedgehog对《Thinking Fast and Slow》的笔记(20)

hedgehog
hedgehog (靡不有初,鲜克有终)

读过 Thinking Fast and Slow

Thinking Fast and Slow
  • 书名: Thinking Fast and Slow
  • 作者: Daniel Kahneman
  • 页数: 512
  • 出版社: Allen Lane
  • 出版年: 2011-11-1
  • 第38页
    We Normally avoid mental overload by dividing our tasks into multiple easy steps,committing intermediate results to long-term memory or to paper rather than to an easily overload working memory
    2013-10-10 15:01:31 回应
  • 第41页
    People who are cognitively busy are also more likely to make selfish choices, use sexist language, and make superficial judgements in social situations.
    2013-10-10 15:02:39 回应
  • 第62页
    A reliable way to make people believe in falsehoods is frequent repetition, because familiarity is not easily distinguished from truth. Auhoritarian institutions and marketers have always known this fact.
    2013-10-11 14:39:15 回应
  • 第69页
    A happy mood loosens the control of System 2 over performance: when in a good mood, people become more intuitive and more creative but also less vigilant and more prone to logical errors.
    2013-10-11 14:40:21 回应
  • 第85页
    The standard practice of open discussion gives too much weight to the options of those who speak early and assertively, causing others to line up behind him.
    2013-10-14 14:40:24 回应
  • 第118页
    The exaggerated faith in small samples is only one example of a more general illusion - we pay more attention to the content of messages than to information about their reliability, and as a result end up with a view of the world around us that is simpler and more coherent than the data justify.
    2013-10-16 14:26:30 回应
  • 第165页
    In most situations, a direct comparison makes people more careful and more logical. But not always. Sometimes intuition beats logic even when the correct answer stares you in the face.
    2013-10-18 14:35:08 回应
  • 第178页
    Regression effects are ubiquitous, and so are misguided causal stories to explain them. A well-known example is the "Sports Illustrated jinx," the claim that an athlete whose picture appears on the cover of the magazine is doomed to perform poorly the following season. Overconfidence and the pressure of meeting high expectations are often offered as explanations. But there is simpler account of the jinx; an athlete who gets to be on the cover of Sport Illustrated must have performed exceptionally well in the preceding season, probably with the assistance of a nudge from luck - and luck is fickle.
    2013-10-21 18:20:11 回应
  • 第228页
    When a human competes with a machine, whether it is John Henry a hammerin' on the mountain or the chess genius Garry Kasparov facing off against the computer Deep lue, our sympathies lie with our fellow human. The aversion to algorithms making decisions that affect humans is rooted in the strong preference that many people have for the natural over the synthetic or artificial.
    2013-10-24 14:45:27 回应
  • 第253页
    The outside view was much easier to ignore than bad news in our own effort. I can best describe our state as a form of lethargy - an unwillingness to thin about what had happened. So we carried on. There was no further attempt at rational planning for the rest of the time I spent as a mermer of the team - a particularly troubling omission for a team dedicated to teaching rationality. I hope I am wiser today, and I have acquired a habit of looking for the outside view. But it will never be the natural thing to do.
    2013-10-25 14:38:00 回应
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