JJ酱对《On Writing Well, 30th Anniversary Edition》的笔记(5)

JJ酱 (at 20s,the will reigns)

在读 On Writing Well, 30th Anniversary Edition

On Writing Well, 30th Anniversary Edition
  • 书名: On Writing Well, 30th Anniversary Edition
  • 作者: William Zinsser
  • 副标题: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction
  • 页数: 336
  • 出版社: Harper Perennial
  • 出版年: 2006-5-9
  • 第34页
    The race in writing is not to the swift but to the original.
    2018-07-25 23:57:39 回应
  • 第34页
    Make a habit of reading what is being written today and what was written by earlier masters. Writing is learned by imitation. If anyone asked me how I learned to write, i'd say I learned by reading the men and women who were doing the kind of writing I wanted to do and trying to figure out how they did it. But cultivate the best models. Don't assume that because an article is in a newspaper or a magazine it must be good. Sloppy editing is common in newspapers, often for lack of time and writers who use cliches often work for editors who have seen so many cliches that they no longer even recognize them.
    2018-07-26 00:02:04 回应
  • 第35页
    Also bear in mind, when you're choosing words and stringing them together, how they sound. This may seem absurd: readers read with their eyes. But in fact they hear what they are reading far more than you realize. Therefore such matters as rhythm and alliteration are vital to every sentence.
    2018-07-26 00:15:29 回应
  • 第36页
    Such considerations of sound and rhythm should go into everything you write. If all your sentences move at the same plodding gait, which even you recognize as deadly but don’t know how to cure, read them aloud. (I write entirely by ear and read everything aloud before letting it go out into the world. )You’ll begin to hear where the trouble lies. See if you can gain variety by reversing the order of a sentence, or by substituting a word that has freshness or oddity, or by altering the length of your sentences so they don't all sound as if they came out of the same ma-chine. An occasional short sentence can carry a tremendouspunch. It stays in the reader's ear.
    2018-07-26 00:32:17 回应
  • 第49页
    You learn to write by writing. It's a truism, but what makes it a truism is that it's true. The only way to learn to write is to force yourself to produce a certain number of words on a regular basis.
    If you went to work for a newspaper that required you to write two or three articles every day, you would be a better writer after six months. You wouldn't necessarily be writing well: your style might still be full of clutter and cliches. But you would be exercising your powers of putting the English language on paper,gaining confidence and identifying the most common problems.
    All writing is ultimately a question of solving a problem. It may be a problem of where to obtain the facts or how to organizethe material. It may be a problem of approach or attitude, tone or tyle. Whatever it is, it has to be confronted and solved. Sometimes you will despair of finding the right solution or any solution. You'll think, "If I live to be ninety I'll never get out of this mess.” I’ve often thought it myself. But when I finally do solve the problem it's because I'm like a surgeon removing his 500th appendix; I've been there before.

    2018-08-29 16:36:37 回应