The Ethics of Liberty (12) 更多

  • 第286页
    宪政也不能有效维持有限政府。 “Calhoun goes on to point out that a Constitution will not be able to keep the government limited; for given a monopoly Supreme Court selected by the self-same governmen...
  • 第234页
    讨论时不能忘记当今国家存在数千年的事实。 A major problem with discussions of the necessity of government is the fact that all such discussions necessarily take place within a context of centuries of S...
  • 第196页
    论国家与国师的互惠关系。 We have seen clearly why the State needs the intellectuals; but why do the intellectuals need the State? Put simply, it is because intellectuals, whose services are often not ...
  • 第180页
    罗斯巴德支持诽谤权、勒索权,反对名誉权。 Smith owns his own body, and therefore has the property right to own the knowledge he has inside his head, including his knowledge about Jones. And therefore...
  • 第166页
    罗斯巴德关于言论自由,移民权等人权的描述。 In the first place, there are two senses in which property rights are identical with human rights: one, that property can only accrue to humans, so that t...
  • 第100页
    The right to have an abortion does not imply that one may have an abortion anywhere. In fact, there is nothing impermissible about private owners and associations discriminating against and punishing ...
  • 第99页
    Rothbard谈“animal rights.”: As an immediate implication of this insight into the status of the principles of self-ownership and original appropriation as ethical axioms, Rothbard rejected as ...
  • 第90页
    Rothbard关于abortion的观点: The Ethics of Liberty’s chapter most difficult to accept for conservatives, on “Children and Rights,” comes thus to appear in a different light. In this chapter Roth...
  • 第86页
    As Rothbard explains in an unfortunately brief but centrally important passage of The Ethics of Liberty: “ a proposition rises to the status of an axiom when he who denies it may be shown to ...
  • 第60页
    It is here that the fundamental error lies and Rothbard’s unique contribution to ethics comes into play. Ethics—the validity of the principle of self-ownership and original appropriation—is demonst...
  • 第68页
    "Rothbard’s anarchism was not the sort of anarchism that his teacher and mentor Mises had rejected as hopelessly naive, of course. “The anarchists,” Mises had written, contend that a socia...
  • 第50页
    Owing to the dominance of the positivistic creed, ethics and political philosophy had long disappeared as a “science” or else degenerated into an analysis of the semantics of normative concepts and ... (1回应)

自由的伦理 (7) 更多

  • 第126页
    一旦我们允许针对那些对人身和财产含煳的、将来的——而非公开的、即时的——“威胁”采取防卫行为,则各种暴政将会变得情有可原。证明侵害已经开始的举证责任,应当由采取防御性暴力行为的人来承担。 (实施侵害...
  • 第127页
    But we must not be led into the trap of holding that all contracts, whatever their nature, must be enforceable (i.e., that violence may properly be used in their enforcement). The only reason the abov...
  • 第93页
    人拥有权利和他行使权利是否道德是不同的,我们行使权利的方式是不是符合道德是个人伦理,而不是政治哲学要解决的问题。 当政治哲学关乎良知而不是强权与私权时,就一定会把站在其对立面的人看作是没有原则的人...
  • 第200页
    当讨论政府的必要性时涉及的一个重大问题是这样一个事实,所有这些讨论必然是发生在国家和国家的统治已经存在了几个世纪的背景中,人们已经习惯了那些规则。在“死亡和纳税”这个流行的格言中,将两件确定的事情进行...
  • 第162页
    直到被克伦威尔征服之前的古爱尔兰,有着上千年的历史,在那个社会中“没有国家管理的司法的痕迹”,互相竞争的专业法学家的不同学派解释和适用普通习惯法,并通过互相竞争的自愿支持的诸侯或保险机构予以执行。而且...
  • 第153页
    并没有自由主义者曾经认为个人是孤立的原子;相反的,所有的自由主义者都承认生活在社会中以及参与劳动的社会分工的必要性和巨大的利益性。包括古典的亚里斯多德学派和托马斯主义者在内的国家辩护者所犯下的一个重大...
  • 第87页
    休谟当时是通过两种途径来摧毁自然法理论的:首先是提出了事实——价值的两分法,因此阻碍了从事实推导出价值的道路,另外他认为理性是并且只能是激情的奴役。简而言之,自然法认为人的理性可以揭示正确的行为方向,...

极权主义的起源 (4)

  • 第139页
    任何一个民族国家以一幅征服者的姿态展现的地方,就会激励被征服民族的民族意识,以及掌握自主权的渴望,此种情况将会摧挫缔造帝国的企图。早期英国的“帝国缔造者”相信藉征服手段来达到永久统治,然而却连把其近邻...
  • 第160页
    “公众领域”与“私人领域”之间的对立,是鄂兰政治思想的一个重要观点。而这个观点也牵涉了她所揭示的自由理念,正如上述,鄂兰认为除开任何政治的生活以外,就没有任何自由可言;一位崇尚自由主义的人会认为从政治...
  • 第250页
    关于反犹主义的一切笔记。 更进一步说,如果现代社会的暴民——即各个阶级中失去地位者(déclassés)——逐步增多,而产生出领袖,他们并末被犹太人是否重要到应成为政治意识形态的焦点上来考虑的问题所困扰,而..
  • 第20页
    资本主义的无限扩张一方面动摇了有一定疆域与宪政法治之一定结构的现代“民族国家”体制,使国家逐步丧失在它治理的疆域里保障公民权与超越人种族群之上的功能作用;另一方面,执行资本主义扩张的所谓“帝国主义”在...

Return of the Primitive (2)

  • 第135页
    It is understandable that men might seek to hide their vices from the eyes of people whose judgment they respect. But there are men who hide their virtues from the eyes of monsters. There are men who ...
  • 第50页
    The thinking child is not antisocial (he is, in fact, the only type of child fit for social relationships). When he develops his first values and conscious convictions, particularly as he approaches a...

致命的自负 (1)

  • 第345页
    在矫揉造作的理性和哲学时代出现以前很久,宗教,即使它只有最为粗陋的形式,便已经颁布了道德规则。 ——亚当·斯密 有些感觉迟钝的人,总是诅咒他们热爱过的东西。 ——伯纳德·曼德维尔 在..