appropriate adj. 适宜的 【反】inappropriate
desperate adj. 迫切的desperate to rescue his economy
ingenious adj. 有独创性的；机灵的，精制的；心灵手巧的
ingenuous adj. 天真的，真诚的，老实的，质朴的
leisure n,adj 空闲
slander n/v 诽谤，造谣
slender a 细长的苗条的
slap clap 拍掌
sever v分离，切断 sever one’s link to
severe a 严厉的，严重的 severe economic problems
persecute v迫害，虐待，困扰 be persecuted by
prosecute v 起诉，告发 prosecute sb for sth 因某事控告某人
ignorant adj. 无知的 愚昧的 ignorant conduct无知行为
ignorantly adv 无知的，不学无术的
impeccable 无可挑剔 appearance
无罪清白 deeds 行为
imperative 迫切，紧急 need
impetus n动力，促进，激励 provide an impetus to
impulse n冲动 v推动 on impulse
authentic adj. 真正的，真实的；可信的
authoritative adj. 有权威的，命令式的，当局的
blush vi. 脸红；感到惭愧n. 脸红；红色；羞愧vt. 红著脸表示；使成红色
flush v.冲洗；(脸)发红；赶出 n.脸红 a.同高的
falsh vt. 使闪光；反射n. 闪光，闪现；一瞬间vi. 闪光，闪现；反射adj. 闪光的，火速的
1. (技术、产品)尖端的，先进的；2. （人）老于世故的；3. （人）精通的、老练的
tricky 棘手的 【同】awkward tough
compel v. 逼迫
demonstrate [v. 显示
eliminate v. 消除
promote v. 1. 促进，鼓励；2. 促销，推销商品
refrain from alleviate v. 减轻
collaborate v. 合作
cultivate v. 培养、磨练elaborate v. 详述 adj. 精心制作的，精巧的
illustrate v. 阐明 recruit v. 招募，吸收
spur v. 刺激，激励
disguise （n. v.）伪装context (n.)背景，大环境dilemma (n.)两难的困境
novels, prose, poetry drama ,official documents, contracts, agreements, notices, receipts
massacre, rape, burn, loop, stop at nothing 杀奸烧掠，无所不用其极
select , classify ,assign ,promote
books, magazines, daily press
reproduce ,perform ,display, disseminate, sell ,rent ,lend
be encouraged /stimulated/ driven/ impelled by
sorrow horror fear
in political economic trade culture educational scientific and technological public health and other fields
A stirring discourse 一个激动人心的演讲
Be eligible for 有资格
Elicit assistance from 从中获得帮助
A feeble excuse 站不住脚的借口
Arbitrary charges 乱收费
Play devil’s advocate 故意唱反调 he doesn’t really believe in capital punishment he is just playing the devil’s advocate
the interposition of the government政府介入
Retreat from responsibility 逃避责任
Follow the old routine 墨守成规
delivered a sharp, comprehensive report
is the most fragile thing in the world世界上最不可靠的事情
locked in a perpetual automotive smog, 为永久不散的汽车污染烟雾所苦
on the horizon 即将来临的
to rule out 拒绝考虑，排除
a sluggish rate of growth趋于迟缓。
sweeping adj. 全面的，大规模的，影响深远的the most sweeping antismoking legislation Congress has ever seriously considered
lift the 33-year-old trade embargo, .
The AIDS epidemic has been in full swing for more than a decade now.
█in full swing 表示事物正如火如荼进行
scorn on [sk?rn] n. 轻蔑，鄙视 【同】contempt disrespect
reconciling trade disputes and obtaining more favorable tariff treatment.、aggravate the crisis
extend its influence in…
feel the effects of China’s voracious appetite for….
Churning out low-cost goods
Undercutting foreign competitors
Upending the low-end global workforce 打破全球低档产品生产的劳务市场格局
Put on end to …..once and for all 彻底结束
Make tremendous progress 取得巨大进展
Successfully attain the objective 胜利完成目标
…………fill me with special longing 使我充满期望、心神驰往
Physically week mentally sound 身弱心智健全
Large-than-life figures 带有传奇色彩的人物bility
Limitless drive, self-absorption, a willing to push the rules to the edge—or pass it –to get what they want 无穷的干劲，自我关注，为了得到的东西，置法律法规不顾或越过条规
Find one’s calling early 少年得志
A stumbling block 绊脚石
Social unrest and upheaval 社会动荡和纷扰不安
The amount, reliability, and appropriateness of the information used 所用信息的数量，可靠性，适宜性
Dominate the market
Satisfy/meet the demand of
Write a great play; compose a great symphony; conceive a brilliant scientific theory or a profound ethical judgment.
Implement a agreement
Time will justify what I want to justify
Brave all difficulties, keep on working, persevere to the end 不怕困难，百折不饶，坚持到底
Bring the function into play 发挥作用
A body of legal rights一种合法权利的体现
Original farsightedness 独到的远见
Receive general recognition by….得到……的广泛认可
Choose to engage in some popular specialties 填报了热门志愿
An insatiable curiosity for the new不衰的求知欲
Industrious and enterprising spirit 勤奋进取的精神
Delight in learning, abhor error, strive for novelty ,recognize progress乐于学习，憎恶错误，努力创新，认可进步
Speed up the legislation of
Implement the theory of
Promote……in a all-round way
Give full scope to people’s talent and creativity
Write a great play or compose a great symphony or conceive a brilliant scientific theory or a profound ethical judgment.
In such a changing, complex society
Blaze a trail in 走出一条道路
Arrogant and self-conceited狂傲自大
Polite and well-mannered 彬彬有礼
A modest and self-disciplined gentleman谦谦君子
Increase/strength/promote/expand our mutual understanding and friendship
Promote/facilitate/enhance/strengthen/advance our friendly relations of cooperation
Make further efforts
Push these cooperative relations to a new height
In all respect
Inject new vitality to the world economy so that it will move forward with full dynamism
Create a charming spectacle.
Prolong one’s suffering
It is irresponsible and immoral……
There are still plenty of potentials to be tapped in…… 有很多潜力可挖
Per capita consumption 人均消费
Catch up with and surpass//赶超
(Tibet ) Sb/sth Has progressed by leaps and bounds in sth (the economy) 实现重大飞跃
Embody the content of……//体现……的主题
Understanding social cues, creating works of art and spawning inventions are all crucial mental tasks that bear little relationship to how well a person can fill in a printed test form.
elevated adj. 崇高的
It turns out, however, that not every man who reached the pinnacle of American leadership was a gleaming example of self-awareness, empathy, impulse control and other qualities that mark an elevated EQ.)
futile [ˋfjutl] adj. 徒劳无功的，白费力气的 【同pointless
Indeed, for all the world’s governments, … attempts to control the global flow of electro-information are not only futile but counter productive as well.
subtle [ˋs?tl] adj. 隐晦的，不明显的，难以捉摸的 【反】blatant obvious
Even when it seems beyond the reach of any one government, electronic information can be controlled, in ways both subtle and obvious. (TIME, Aug.19, 1996, p.52)
Theoretically at least, whole populations will have direct access to information without waiting for it to be filtered through a government, or a press.
Internet has emerged as a powerful means for parties of every type to conduct interactions of every type.//互联网成为一种强大工具，凭借它，各类人都可以进行各种互换式活动。
imminent [ˋ?m?n?nt] adj. 迫近的，即将发生的
The time will come when the U.S. will subside to become but one of many Great Powers. It is inevitable, but it is not imminent. (TIME, Aug.4, 1997, p.21)
volatile [ˋvɑl?n?t?r?] adj. 善变的 【同】unstable
When properly combined, three volatile elements generate American celebrity: the media, the public and the spinmeisters who manipulate them. (TIME, June 26, 1995, p.30)
█ spinmeister n. spin和meister的复合字。spin指（对某著作、政策、形式或事件）给予新的解读或扭曲（以营造对作者或政治人物有利的局面，如良好的公众形象）；meister是德文，同英文的master（高手、能手）。两个字合起来就是指善于利用媒体以塑造良好公众形象的人，类似spin doctor（指党对媒体的发言人，替政治人物等处理媒体问题的顾问）。
prevail v. 胜过，占优势 【同】triumph be victorious
Microsoft could still prevail, in court and in the market, but it will not escape unscathed.
unscathed adj. （肉体上、名誉上）未受伤的
resort v. 诉诸，动用
There is no right to resort to violence when you don’t get your way.
spark [spɑrk] v. 刺激，鼓舞 【同】promote trigger
Chirac’s task now is to heal the wounds of a bruising campaign, restore public confidence and spark a job-creating burst of economic growth.
tolerate v. 容忍 【同】put up with
American capitalism likes entrepreneurs to have a gleam in their eye, and even tolerates some clawing and scratching as long as the playing field is level and the fight is fair.
█ a gleam in one’s eye 尚未形成的想法；claw v. （用爪）抓；scratch v. 抓
harness v. 驾驭，利用
The CIA and Defense Department are about to harness some of their most sensitive technologies against a new enemy: cancer.
It is a source of talent, from programmers to researchers, for mighty Microsoft as well as for tiny start-ups
It looms as a competitive threat, as China’s low-cost manufacturing and widespread piracy challenge the business of such valley giants as Cisco Systems and Adobe Systems
In an age of globalization, no country has been better able than China to swallow the innovations of others and leap ahead of them
The removal of walls gives the city a kind of jack-in-the-box explosiveness and the liberating, but also disorienting ,sensation of there being no more boundaries.拆掉了城墙，城市犹如打开的玩偶匣一般陡然展开，令人心旷神怡，同时使人晕头转向-----再没有城里城外的界限了
The design aims at automatic operation, easy regulation, simple maintenance and high productivity.
The products of this factory are chiefly characterized by their fine workmanship and durability 经久耐用，工艺精湛
They keep on fighting in spite of all the difficulties and setbacks
They hank after追逐 fame, position, and opportunity to be in the limelight.
The new mayor earned some appreciation by the courtesy of coming to visit the city poor新市长有礼貌的前来看望贫民，获得一些好感
When called to account, both have been dismissive of the legal process and have had a strained relationship with the truth当要求他们为自己所作所为进行解释时，两人都蔑视法律程序，歪曲事实。
It is the most patient and cheerful of companions .it does not turn its back upon us in times of adversity or distress. It always receives us with the same kindness; amusing and instructing us in youth, and comforting and consoling us in age
They bring us into the presence of the greatest minds that have ever lived 将我们带到有史以来最伟大的思想家面前
If his private business allows him a moment’s relaxation, he will plunge at once into the whirlpool of politics
Today, there’s scarcely an aspect of our life that isn’t being upended by the torrent of information available on the hundreds of millions of sites crowding the Interne
As the saying goes, It is the superior quality of the products that help them get the upper hand. But in the hi-tech world this may not be the case. The good products may not always score, while the inferior goods do not necessarily lose out. It all depends on competition tactics 俗话说，不怕不识货，就怕货比货。优者未必胜，劣者未必败，关键看竞争手段高低。
Time is what we want most, but what , alas , many use worst.
No comrade in the Party must ever forget this bitter lesson and we must all take warning from it.这个惨痛历史教训，我们全党同志一定要永远记住，引以为鉴。
Like those of little experience, he was easily elated by success and deflated by failure.
First and foremost, it has the largest concentration of brilliant computer professionals and the best supporting services in the world, and easy access to world-class research institutions, like Stanford University , which continually nurtures world-be geniuses which the industry needs in order to move forward. Without these advantages, the valley would be a different place.
They are striving for the ideal which is close to the heart of every Chinese and for which , in the past, many Chinese have laid down their lives.
There was something original, independent, and heroic about the plan that pleased all of them.这个方案，富于创造性，独具一格，很有魄力，因此他们都很喜欢。
Zambia cannot train teachers fast enough to replace those killed by AIDS. Asia remains comparatively untouched. But the pandemic may be like a typhoon gathering strength off an unsuspected coast.赞比亚培训教师的速度，赶不上教师患艾滋病而死亡的速度，亚洲受艾滋病英雄相对较小，这种流行病就像台风一样，总是在意想不到的海岸积聚力量。
Backwardness must be recognized before it can be changed. One must learn from those who are more advanced before he can catch up with and surpass them.认识落后，才能改变落后。学习进步，才可能赶超先进。
The technological design of this bed cushion is advanced with novel structure, beautiful shape and various patterns. They are comfortable and convenient to carry.
Deed and word must match and theory and practice must be closely integrated. We must reject flashiness without substance and every sort of boasting. There must be less empty talk and more hard work. We must be steadfast and dedicated.
In order to raise China’s scientific and technological level, we must persist in the policy of independence and self-reliance. But independence does not mean shutting the door on the world, nor does self-reliance mean blind opposition to everything foreign.
Eliminate the minor details which might obstruct decision making, and concentrate on the main issues 排除可能妨碍决策的次要因素，从而有助于集中精力去解决主要问题。
They prefer discipline themselves rather than be disciplined by others
Feel proud to amass wealth and possessions through hard work
When the time comes, we ought to step gracefully aside and hand over the job to someone who can do it better. And if we don’t step aside, perhaps supercomputer will simply move in and push us aside.
These fundamental questions are often addressed in terms of religion, philosophy, art ,and literature. But I think science can contribute the best answers to these questions.
The network features a complete system of free-moving traffic and perfectly functioning and appropriate facilities.这是一个体系完整，连接畅通，功能齐全，配套合理的交通网络。
The community learned valuable lessons from the recent ups and downs in the real estate market.近年来楼市变迁，市民从中汲取了宝贵教训
Money permeates every aspect of our existence 金钱存在于我们生活的每个层面
Wonderful art and architecture
Commuters give the city its tidal restless; natives give it solidity and continuity; but the settles give it passion. Each embraces New York with the intense excitement of first love, each absorbs New York with the fresh eyes of an adventurer, each generate heat and light to dwarf the Consolidated Edison Company
Except in rare cases, the man who lives in JiaXing or KunShang and works in ShangHai, discovers nothing much about the city except the time of arrival and departure of trains and buses, and the path to a quick lunch.
comb your thoughts
arrange them in order of their importance
a well-planned outline
build up a logic clue
get your message across to others clearly and unambiguously
cause tremendous confusion, wasted effort and missed opportunity
the inability makes it nearly impossible for them to compete effectively in the workplace, and stands in the way of career progression
I plan on proposing new legislation that will invest more tax dollars in our public schools, not only to meet the needs of today, but also to encourage developing minds for the future. Such new funding would be used to hire and retain good teachers, build and renovate new schools, and give great tax breaks to classroom teachers. To accomplish this , I am proposing no new taxes increases , but rather a rechanneling of our existing tax revenues to meet these demands.
how to cultivate and develop the student's thinking ability during the mathematics teaching, and gives some points of view to its extensity, profundity, flexibility and creativity.
Most roommate conflicts spring from small, irritating differences rather than from grand disputes over abstract philosophical principles.
For a country as large as china. Its development will possibly trigger some contradictions and frictions.
Contradictions and frictions are not to be feared, and we do not evade contradictions ,because human beings advance by incessantly resolving contradictions in the course of development
The crux of the matter lies in what attitude and stand we take and what method we use to handle contradictions.
When frictions occur the two sides should stick to the principle of long-term development, work out the problems through equal-footed consultations and strive for win-win result
We smothered our indignation and proceeded暂时压下怒气继续前进
As a positive influence, stress can help compel us to action; it can result in a new awareness and an exciting new perspective. As a negative influence, it can result in feelings of distrust, rejection anger, and depression, which in turn can lead to health problems such as headaches, upset stomach, rashes ,high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.
Deadlines ,competitions, confrontations, and even our frustrations and sorrows add depth and enrichment to our lives. Our goal is not to eliminate stress but to learn how to manage it and how to use it to help us.
Cultivate learn acquire给建议
My favorite technique for unlocking your brain when stonewalled is to do nothing, and let my subconscious mind work on the problem. Sooner or later, an idea or solution will pop up in my mind. In the unconscious mind, we activate complexes of information without boundary.
Strengthen and cultivate your well-being, improve your memory and reasoning powers, learn to think and judge correctly
There are four sources from which to derive education: from your own observation, from your experience, from the conversation of others, and from study. You can learn much without books and teachers.
In learning to educate yourself, your must read, study, observe, reflect, reason, and think. Keep eyes open and your minds at work.
Festival culture region religion religious
What young people want to do is to try a new lifestyle in foreign festivals.
When a major foreign festivals arrives, businesses are try every means to boost the atmosphere ,thus finding opportunity to attract every possible customer. The atmosphere raised by businessmen stimulates the public and arouses their interest in celebrating foreign festivals
They may politely extend their good wishes or express their admiration, but in their hearts they cannot truly enter into the spirit with which the Chinese celebrate the New Year
Tourism has grown to be an activity of worldwide importance and significance. Directly or indirectly , tourism is part of the fabric of the world’s industries, including transportation, retailing, advertising, sports, clothing, the food industry, and health care.
Tourism promotes a better understanding among people worldwide because tourism involves people. By tourism, people with different cultures, economies, traditions, heritage, and religions contact and communicate with each other and such contact and communication make a better understanding possible
As people travel from place to place with a sincere desire to learn more about their global neighbors, knowledge and understanding grow. Tourism plays an important role in building bridges of mutual appreciation, respect and friendship, which has a positive effect on world peace.
1,many countries depend heavily upon tourism as a source of taxation and as a source of income for the enterprises.
2 tourism provides direct employment for the people associated with occupations in bars and hotels.
Dealing with life in new culture adapt to
1,donot expect to be perfect ,give yourself some time, things will gradually get easier.
2,try not to prejudge or too fast form a opinion about the new culture, otherwise u will miss some of the very experiences that u came for. Do not think of the host culture as better or worse, just different- you will be more willing to try new things.
3,if u r unsure of what to do in a formal setting, follow other’s lead. Active participation in conversation is important, especially if your want to become fluent in the local language——— your efforts will be appreciated!
4,do not forget the organizations and offices like sponsoring agency, which concentrate on the needs of international students, u can seek help from them in case of emergence . talk to the members of your host gamily or friends that you have made there.
When implementing this policy, the government should also unveil heavy punishments for environmental pollution and promote or demote local officials in accordance with their performance in helping to save energy and protect environment.
China is determined to blaze a new road in industrialization characterized by High technology content and good economic returns, low Energy consumption, minimum environmental pollutions, and full use of labor resources.
It is very important that the schools offers a wide range of subjects to cater to all the students in their care.
Students need to know how to work in groups to achieve a mutual goal and how to work as a team. Where better to learn those skills than on the sports field? Any of the team sports requires cooperation and coordination with other players, understanding and adopting a team mentality.
Furthermore , it is important to be healthy ,and good health is not so easily achieved in a sedentary society.
Alleviate severe unemployment 缓解严重失业困难
Struggle to Find a job that match their ability
It is critical to fully utilize various education resources, strengthen the improvement of human resources qualities, promote quality-oriented education and stress cultivation of practical abilities.
It is necessary to rationally to guide foreign business to invest I in …… so as to increase as many jobs as possible.
For the government ,they should attach great importance to this problem and create more job opportunities by injecting more money into the youth employment. For graduates, they should take a proper attitude to employment by neither overestimating nor underestimating themselves.
As long as joint efforts are made and effective measures are taken, the employment problems for college graduates is bound to be solved.
Falling wages , reduced benefits and rising job insecurity seem to be increasingly entrenched features of the job scene across most of the Europe .
The number of insecure freelance positions is rising(as are working hours) while stable jobs with good benefits are being cut.
For an active and vibrant generation of old people, retirement means a withdrawal from the world . they will find it hard to suddenly discontinue their function as doctors, engineers or professors. Elderly people must learn to adjust to the profound role changes. Needless to say, such a transition is a painful one, for it almost invariably involves the loss of status, prestige and responsibility. But when adjustments are well made, retirement life can be full of fun.
Many retirees could use their free time to continue working on their own terms, exploring new careers or retooling themselves for some part-time jobs
High new technology influence
Aggravate noise pollution threaten our solitude assault your peace of mind
Sth. has productive use // 有实实在在的用处
Cell phone pretend to increase your freedom while actually stealing it.
If cell phones are on and no one calls, you are irrelevant, unloved or both. If everyone calls, you are a basket case.//要是手机开着，却没有人给你打电话，这意味着你无足轻重，没人喜欢；或者既无足轻重又无人喜欢；要是人人都给你打电话，你哪能受得了。
As with other triumphs of the mass market, they’ve reached a point when people forget what it was like before they existed.就像大宗产品市场上的其他畅销货一样，手机的普及已经使得人们忘记了手机出现之前生活是个什么样子
The individual now has more information available than any generation, and the task of finding that one piece of information relevant to his specific problem is complicated, time-consuming and sometimes even overwhelming.
GIVE AND TAKE
They have attracted numerous Chinese professionals with competitive salaries, handsome benefits, business training opportunities, and the possibility of an overseas assignment. All seem to be irresistible for ambitious Chinese professionals eager to improve their social and career mobility.
Winner and loser
The word ”winner” and “loser” have many meanings. When we refer to a person as a winner, we do not mean one who makes someone else lose. To us , a winner is one who responds authentically by being credible ,trustworthy ,responsive ,and genuine, both as an individual and as a member of a society.//对我们而言，不管是作为个人还是社会的一员，胜利者都能真正的承担责任。他们诚信可靠、反应灵敏、待人诚恳。
Winners do not dedicate their lives to a concept of what they imagine they should be; //胜利者不会献身于某一抽象概念，想象自己应该是什么样的人rather, they are themselves and as such do not use their energy putting on a performance, maintaining pretence , and manipulating others. //相反，他们是什么就是什么，从不把精力用在矫揉造作，虚伪迎合，操纵他人之类的事上They are aware that there is a difference between being loving and acting loving, between being stupid and acting stupid, between being knowledge and acting knowledge. Winners do not need to hide behind a mask.
Winners are not afraid to do their own thinking and to use their own knowledge. They can separate facts from opinions and don’t pretend to have all the answers. //他们能从众多纷杂的说法中找出事情的原味，而不会假装对所有问题都知道答案They listen to others, evaluate what they say , but come to their own conclusion. Although winners can admire and respect other people, they are not totally defined , demolished, bound, or awed by them.//胜利者尽管也佩服并尊重他人，当他们不会被别人完全限制或击败，不会被别人所束缚或慑服
Winners do not play “helpless”, nor do they play the blaming game. Instead ,they assume responsibility for their own lives.//胜利者不会佯装无助，也绝不会玩推诿的把戏。相反，他们会承担起自己的人生责任。
Change of education
The change of educational ideology//教育思想 requires us to widen the sphere of specialties//拓宽专业面, enhance the adaptability//增强适应性, frame a new education mode//构造新的教育模式 to develop comprehensive abilities//协调发展 of the students in such aspects as knowledge, aptitude, intelligence, and personal quality, etc, so as to construct a new mode of fostering qualified and creative personal of diversified specialties at high levels. As regards the quality of education, we should change the traditional concept of classroom teaching mode, which is characterized as teacher-centered instruction//教师单向传授知识 without students’ active participation, with test marks as the sole criterion for judging the effect of education. We should also change the concept of considering scores as the sole criteria for the evaluation of the result of education. We should view some education issues with new standards, such as the criteria for good school, good curricula, good effect of education, good teachers and good students, etc.
In brief, a world-class university cannot come true without reform, nor education reform will succeed without changing traditional educational ideology.
Breathing description 栩栩如生的描述
This is only a passing infatuation, not to be taken too seriously这仅仅是一时迷恋，不必认真
Sharpen one’s wits 磨炼才智
Conventional prejudice 世俗偏见
W hat shall we do
The school launch a system of rewards and punishments to encourage good behavior.
the world economic move forward as ocean wave and a upward spiral