In Susan Sontag’s text, she has a demonstration between “two cultures”, which are the literary-artistic and the scientific. Since the Industrial Revolution, the diagnosis of them is, for the literary-artistic culture is understood as a general culture, whiles scientific culture is a culture for specialists, In Susan Sontag’s view, art in our time is becoming increasingly the terrain of specialists. The most interesting and creative art of our tine is not open to the generally educated; it demands special effort; it speaks a specialized language. Art today is a new kind of instrument, an instrument for modifying consciousness and organizing new modes of sensibility, artists have had to become self-conscious aestheticians; continually challenging their means, their materials and methods, which often from the world of “non-art”.
As to the distinction between “high” and “low” culture, she pointed out many of the serious works of art of recent decades have a decidedly impersonal character. The work of art is reasserting its existence as “object”(even as manufactured or mass-produced object drawing on the popular arts) rather than as “individual personal expression.” Today’s art, with it insistence on coolness, its refusal of what it considers to be sentimentality, its spirit of exactness, its sense of “research” and “problems,” is closer to the spirit of science that of art in the old-fashioned sense.