As said by K’ang-hsi, a good government needed to develop by letting people living at rest, not hurting them, and solve the troubles in the beginning (Emperor of China p.55). Under K’ang-hsi’s reigning, the government of Qing-dynasty was good, because he came up with several ways to ruling the country well. However, the government of Qing-dynasty was hard to ensure it can always have good emperors as K’ang-hsi and keep the government itself being good as under K’ang-hsi’s reign when he passed away, because the empire didn’t have a complete legal system to help governing the whole country. It is frequently difficult for K’ang-hsi to know the problems the country faced and get the true information from the officials, because they were afraid that K’ang-hsi would get angry if he got some bad news or common people’s grievances from them. Thus K’ang-hsi warned that the officials should just state the facts they knew and not distort. In addition, he preferred ignoring the biases, and getting more information himself in audience trough palace memorials. He also solved several people’s problems himself on his tour (Emperor of China p.43). For getting talented people, K’ang-hsi tried to keep an open mind as well (Emperor of China p.65). He would treat, use and promote people equally; regardless of what degrees they got in the exams (Emperor of China p.51), whether they were Manchus or Chinese, whether they used to be bad or not, whether they were friends or enemies, or whether they were the western or the local. Jesuits, Pereira and some other westerners worked for him for so many years (Emperor of China III Thinking); he treated the Miao troops who used to fight for Wu San-kuei well, and they refused to help fighting for the rebellions any more (Emperor of China p.34). When K’ang-hsi needed to conquer the pirates, he asked the pirate leader in person so that he got loads of experience of fighting with them (Emperor of China p.47). Owing to the fact that listening to the truth and different opinions, getting help from various people, K’ang-hsi knew the problems the empire actually had, and made reforms to prevent trouble in advance, which not only can provide a good government to people, but also obtain peace and a long reign. Under the ruling of K’ang-hsi, Qing-dynasty defeated all the rebellions, the sieges of Russian and Mongolian and the pirates (Emperor of China II Ruling); the population of Chinese bacame 150,000,000 (Emperor of China p.xvi), which contained quarter of the world population (about 600,000,000, according to the graphic from Ways of the world vol.2 p.597); and during that period, the annual tax incoming of Qing-dynasty was about 27,000,000 ounce of silver (Emperor of China p.xvi). However, there was a big problem of Qing dynasty under K’ang-hsi’s reign that the ruling was depended on the emperor’s personality and his own willingness, rather than the legal system. Therefore, when the emperor was as talented in governing as K’ang-hsi, the country can run quite well; but if the country did not have such good successors, the ruling would get worse. In the case of Hu Chien-ching, the emperor K’ang-hsi gave a harsher penalty on Hu Chien-ching and his family, because the emperor wanted to set up an example to alert other officials that they would be executed as well, only if they stopped doing those kinds of unrighteous things (Emperor of China p.29). That might be a good way to warn these officials and let them to control themselves. However, the case would be forgotten as time passed by, and the effect of warning would decrease, so the officials would regarded giving the harsh penalty on Hu Chien-ching as an individual case, Therefore they wouldn’t get this kind of punishing any more, because the emperor’s willingness would change, and these official may do these kinds of evil things again. As such, it is not a permanent solution. If what K’ang-hsi did had been making a law that in this kind of case, the prisoner would be executed or get other similar harsh punishment, and implementing it effectively, which can let the officials be afraid of the authority of laws, instead of being fear of what the punishing the emperor may give them, the officials should have known their consequence that if they did these kinds of evil things as Hu Chien-ching had done, they would get such severe penalty undoubtedly. Because no matter how the emperor’s willingness varies, even no matter how the emperors alter, the laws would keep the same, thus it could solve the problem fundamentally. Moreover, owing to the lack of complete legal system, whether killing a prisoner or not was always a great problem to K’ang-hsi. As he thought, punishing should be given for less punishing in future (Emperor of China p.30), every time he faced such a case, he needed check the case carefully; and depended on different circumstances, he may gave different penalties. Take the three cases of husbands killing wives which happened in 1699 for example, he gave them different final judgment by checking the reasons why they murdered. And that is the reason why K’ang-hsi faced such a great problem: environment of a case happening would seldom be the same, so every time the emperor was going to make a punishing, he must double check to ensure a just punishment; however, if there were a law that list what kind of punishment would be given by different reasons they kill someone, the officials would give the punishing based on the laws, and the things would be simplified. All in all, K’ang-hsi was a good emperor; and under his reign, the empire was, generally, peaceful and grew a lot no matter in the population, economy and the whole area of Qing-dynasty controlled. But the failing of him was the dynasty relied on a good emperor as him, rather than building up a complete legal system.