Say "ancient story" to someone and he tends to think "running wars, events to keep in mind, and demolitions," but remind him that the topic contains myths and his face will light up. Mythology is always fascinating to almost everyone. The stories are interesting, parabolic, with puzzles to contemplate. You may learn encyclopedic knowledge and the basics of culture. For me it piques my curiosity if I chanced upon across words like 'Old Men and Nymphs' or sayings like 'flying sandals', I would seek the information and check out where they come from and it was normally from myths. Myths are stories written by bunch of wise men that are based on tradition that presents an image of the cosmos and the universe round about, that will maintain and elicit this experience of awe. People always intended to puzzle out questions such as how the universe was formed or what caused a flood. Myths were created as modern science when people tried to answer these timeless questions. I believe some have true origins, while others are completely fictional. If i had a chance, i would ask the first man who wrote down the myths, and check out the reasons. I still wonder if there is something behind the scenes that beyond my cognition.
In my opinion, myths are more than mere fantasies to present an image of cosmos at ancient time, and they serve a more significant function in ancient and modern society. It's interesting that myths influence people sociologically and psychologically. For example, myths give people hope that by living a noble life, they can live a better life in the afterlife. Civilization worldwide, from the East Asia to South America, have myths about underworld and the life in the hereafter, and nowadays, people still believe it. Such as Japanese and Chinese both have the underworld named Yomi in where ruled over by the king of hell - Izanami or Yama. In Hindu mythology,The king directs departed souls to the appropriate one. He also directs the virtuous soul to the heaven or leave the wicked one it to the hell. The good and bad deeds of those who once were living are considered to distribute them to the different place to live life in the hereafter. For another example, The King of Inca Empire were thought to be descendants from gods, thus no one would doubt their divine authority. The Chinese Emperor is also named “Tian Zi’ which means the son of heaven and it makes people believe they are the avatar of God on earth. The Kings in the current Chakri dynasty of Thailand are often referred to as Rama which was adopted from the name of the Hindu god Rama, a reincarnation of Vishnu.
Different with fairytale, myths keep more facticity of the nature of life, the quintessence of it is that they are as almost always admonitions as promises and this area intrigues me. Many myths are informative, helpful and play a role as a guide to moral norms. According to the Brahma Purana, the Manu is son of God of creation Brahma. The text Manusmriti(Law of Manu) presents itself as a discourse given by Manu. This text make Indians believe that Karma and reincarnation. So most people who worship Hinduism, they are positive and faithful when facing adversity to accept their adult responsibilities. As Manusmriti says, “A good action has its reward and a bad action leads to retribution.”, when a Hindu suffers the poverty, instead of being depressed or being hostile, he would rather think the poverty is caused by the sin he created in previous life. He will try harder to improve his life properly as the myths give people hope, reassurance and explain the actions of social norms to follow.
If I could get a chance to question, i may ask ancient Greek about the "soul" which could refer to a ghost or spirit of the dead in Homer. For what reason they wrote down this words? Is this just their imagination , or a situational lies? I guess we never know the truth because of the horizon has its limit and the science is still developing. But that's the point why we have desire to explore this miraculous world.