The 1920s is a complex decade since the United States goes through a period of extreme social change. In The Great Gatsby, F. Scott. Fitzgerald depicts Gatsby, a newly rich member of society, is trapped in his dream. Gatsby's dream is to be with Daisy, however, his dream ultimately fails because they are from different social classes. Fitzgerald is criticizing the 1920s class system through Gatsby's failure. During the roaring twenties, the social structure is rigid and the differences between "old money" and "new money" are significant.
Gatsby's dream is to repeat the past. As Nick describes Gatsby, "Can't repeat the past?" he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!" (110). Gatsby not only wants Daisy, he also wants her to erase her past with Tom, even though they already have a daughter. His dream comes true after his reunion with Daisy and he wants more after that. He ignores that she has completely moved on with her life, so when Daisy admits that she also loves Tom, he loses his mind. His overconfidence causes his tragic ending.
Gatsby faces numerous obstacles throughout his quest to achieve his dream. He throws many huge parties to get Daisy's attention, like Jordan says, "I think he half expected her to wander into one of his parties, some night."(79). Nick also says, "Gatsby bought that house so that Daisy would be just across the bay."(78). Everything Gatsby does, from the house right across Daisy's, to the parties, are all in attempt to attract Daisy. Gatsby is willing to do anything and everything to win her back, even though Daisy's marriage is one of the biggest obstacles in his dream. Since Gatsby is stuck in the past, he will never realize that he needs to move on and stop trying to bring back the past.
However, due to differences in social class, Gatsby's dream is unrealistic and unattainable. After Myrtle's death, Daisy chooses to stay with Tom, and as Nick sees, "There was an unmistakable air of natural intimacy about the picture, and anybody would have said that they were conspiring together."(145). Gatsby feels that by getting rich, he will be able to fit into Daisy's world, but Daisy will never be with him because he isn't the kind of rich man she wants. The thing that holds Daisy and Tom together is their "old money" and the power that come with it. It also keeps Daisy and Gatsby apart because Gatsby's "new money" is illegal and he isn't in the same position of social power that Tom is.
Through Gatsby's inevitable failure, Fitzgerald shows that social class barriers are fundamentally rigid in roaring twenties. Though Gatsby tries very hard, including throwing parties and living near Daisy, his dream still fails, and the reason why he cannot reach his dream, Daisy, is because of the differences of social class between them, and Fitzgerald highlights this point in The Great Gatsby.
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