<Frankenstein> is a science fiction about human clones written by English authoress Mary Shelly in 1818. It has always been considered as the first science fiction in the true sense of the phrase. The story is predominantly told by first-person letters. Readers are able to truly experience the unique “Gothic mystery” that flows throughout the whole story.
Frankenstein, the protagonist of the novel,was a well-educated intellectual who committed himself to exploring profound mysteries of science and seeking the absolutes of natural world. While investigating biology, he created a giant with organs and tissues from corpses for his temporary interest, without considering the possibility that it might cause serious disaster. Lastly, fierce conflicts exploded between them, having Frankenstein’ s family destructed and leading to the end of the two men’ s lives.
What an arrant tragedy! It seems that through the tragedy, the story has proved a simple truth that we, human, cannot always get thorough control of the things we create. Yet , as far as I am concerned, what the novel has told is far more than that. Frankenstein was addicted to sciences. He indulged his intellectual curiosity inordinately rather than think rationally. It was his yearning for conquering natural that had given rise to his miserable life.
The full name of the fiction is <Frankenstein, The Story of Modern Prometheus>, for it seems that the two stories have told a same truth. Prometheus stole the fire bringing light and warmth to human word, while Frankenstein created life that symbolized the summit of science and technology. They seem to have down something nice, yet if we treat their behaviour from a different angle, we found that they were doing something against the nature. Towards nature, we should never lose awes in our minds. One would surly pay a heavy price if attempting to dominate over the nature ［原句：如果为了领教大自然的力量冲动行事，必将付出惨痛的代价。 观点自 现代寓言《弗兰肯斯坦》—— 张金凤——《解放军外国语学院报告》——2008年二期］.
Incipiently, Frankenstein took his behaviour of creating the giant for granted. Then gradually, he realized the absurdity of what he had done. At the end of the story, he confided his anguish and compunction to captain Walton,a man who was willing to devote his whole life to seafaring, expostulating him not to wallow in desire or fight against the power of nature. Fortunately, Walton was convinced, and abandoned his desperate voyage which seemed like throwing the helve after the hatchet.
Nowadays we are striving to develop technologies with the view of conquering the whole world, just like Frankenstein in the novel. We manufactured weapons like guns and missiles to ensure the impregnable security of countries, yet unexpectedly brought wars that deprived the innocent of their lives; We built up factories to produce things that we need, yet caused severe damages to the environment that we depend on deeply; We created the Internet that enabled people to communicate unimpeded with people from every corner of the world, yet we are now lack of face-to-face communications with those who around us. We seem to have completely controlled the technologies, but actually we haven’t, and we should never try to do so. Science and technology bring us detriments as they provide the society with benefits,so setting a restriction is indispensable,otherwise, such kind of “development”may bring about serious negative impact, like the giant did to Frankenstein. How to reach the balanced state between nature and technology has already become a permanent issue towards human life, and it is quite marvellous for the author,Mary·Shelley to predict the inevitable clash between human and the development of modern technologies in the early 19th century.
Mary’s thoughts were well-founded. The early 19th century was the climax of British industrial revolution, the social productivity of Britain had unprecedentedly reached the top of the world. People went astray to quest excessively for material wealth and personal achievement, while science was regarded as supreme power. Immoderate self-striving brought potential crisis for the society, as it made people high-hat and impersonal. While devoting himself into scientific researches, Frankenstein became egocentric and was separate from the society. Such a man is Frankenstein that he went to extreme to abuse scientific technology, and eventually got himself and his life ruined. It is his obsession with individualism that had subverted his life. After experiencing a lifetime full of complication, he finally realized that what he actually need is to get over self-concentration, back to the nature and fit in his family and the society ［ 原句：从自我关注中摆脱出来，，回归自然，融入家庭和社会。 悔悟激情——重读《弗兰肯斯坦》——陈姝波——《外国文学评论》——2005年二期］ . He was truly repentant, yet it was all too late. Comparing with personal accomplishment, emotional care like family affection, friendship and love seem more significant to all of us. The author’s words which praised respectfully such kind of emotion have,undoubtedly, given readers a precept that told them to get ride of the parochial thoughts of individualism, make self-improvement［ 原句：......无疑是要告诫世人完善自我，走出个人主义的狭隘思维...... 悔悟激情——重读《弗兰肯斯坦》——陈姝波——《外国文学评论》——2005年二期］ and above all, to establish a favourable relationship with the crowd around,like what the giant dreamed about in the novel.
<Frankenstein>, the world first science fiction which contains a variety of elements including humanistic care and technological philosophy, has been and will always be a hot-spot of literature that win universal praise.