The social background of "The Rocking Horse Winner" was that period of western industrial civilization. At that time, materialism was extremely prevalent and money was a symbol of status. Paul's family was a middle-class who lacked money. Although they had no money, his parents still maintained a high quality of life, which meant that they used materials to maintain the social hierarchy.
With the prevalence of money worship and opportunism, the traditional morality of society had been severely challenged. Bassett, the gardener of Paul's family, shows great respect, loyalty, and trust to Paul. After Paul predicted that he had successfully won the horse race, he was more religious as a pious follower. He just only obeyed the little master and assisted him with blind loyalty. The distinct relationship between him and Paul was obedience and lead. Paul's uncle Oscar whose the desire for money was more intense than the protection of his own nephew. It seemed to him that no matter how adult or child to obtain material benefits was justified and reasonable.
More seriously, excessive materialism split the love between people, mainly in the relationship between Paul and his mother, Hester. Although Hester did not love her children, she had to show the image of a good wife and mother in front of the children and the people because of her belief in the principle of perfect, limited by her own conscience and social ethics. Hester thought that she had no luck leading to a lack of money and failure of marriage, which made her feel anxious. In order to satisfy his mother's desire for money, Paul vigorously searched for the clue of "lucky" in a child's way, resulting in a wrong outlook on life, value, and ethics. He was willing to sacrifice himself as a child's happiness or even his life to realize adult’s desire.
Additionally, different cultures rouse different expectations for men and women. Paul had the Oedipus complex because of his lack of love since childhood, in order to win his mother’s love, he tried to make money through betting horse racing and be a man whom his father did not make to make up for his mother's loss. He unconsciously competed with his father for his mother because he wanted to shift his mother's attention to himself.
All in all, this short story strongly reflects the alienation of people's hearts by money and criticizes money worship and the degenerated humanity which is in order to calls for the loss of love between people.
首先，“木马赢家”所在的社会背景是西方工业文明时期，物质消费主义极度盛行，而金钱是地位的象征。保罗家是一个缺乏金钱的中产阶级，尽管没钱，但他的父母还是保持着上流社会的生活品味，也就是说用物质来维持着社会等级。因此保罗总是听到房子里响起“There must must more money”的话，这是保罗一家焦躁的根源，是物质主义的恶果，也是折磨保罗精神的罪魁祸首..