To be honest I have no idea what these terms academically mean in political science, but I do deem these words as essential source of the whole 1984 story.
I do appreciate George Orwell's writing, smoothly comfortable and sensible in a logical way. The three slogans of the Party are talented. First explains War is Peace, by using up economic surplus and creating a starvation of materials, internal peace is achieved through external consistent wars. The urge for material decficiency guarantees restriction on widespread, high-level eduaction, which enlightens the mass and weakens their need and worship for a small group of power-controlling people. The middle slogan, Freedom is Slavery, is best depicted not through Goldstein's pamhelet but by the conversation between Winston and O'Brien in Room101, explained as Slavery is Freedom. By sacrificing personal freedom to a more general unit, the Party, one becomes a slave but also the omniponent Party.
It is hard for me not to think of this book beyond a novel. Sure it is a fantasy in a world where inequality is brought to extreme, but it is Winston's struggle with himself, the compromise under torture and evetually uncontrollable surrenderness that entrills me. The feeling of Me against the World is spread everywhere of the book. Comrades are not friend to share the secret thought with. Julia is not the kind of person who understands the meaning of words. Even worse, O'Brien, who understands every thought Winston has and be even superior, is a definite believer in Big Brother's doctrines. Either you lie to yourself to madness, or you choke yourself to blindness. Either way, on the other side of the society is never a wise way to survive.
As a child, we absord without doublethink. In adolescence, we become skeptical and challenge the common rules. There is always a breaking point when we either accept the world as it is and fit in, or we change what we reckon as unreasonable and rebel. Most of the time, the former is chosen after the latter been tried. Eventully suffocated by love for the Big Brother, Winston's last hope is out. The most deperating moment is that he realized he becomes real dead.
You see yourself die but can do nothing, despite other tortures suffered.