Accommodation of accents
• "We are buddies." (Psycholinguistics: subconscious manifest)
• People use different dialects to different social groups
Accent can be used in
1. Identify social status
2. Art form "Shakespearean"
Accent can show:
• Class background
• Recognition of others (primal)
"Accents have transformed from a marker of personal identity into a disguise to gain a cloak of invisibility within a nation.
Brummie: has had more than its fair share of bad press
1. Industrial background, mid-land(a mixmash); not be mentiones at the beginning, not sth to be caricatured
2. Comedy: use an accent to express stupidity
How to solve it? NOT cheap laughs. By the media, soap opera. (The Beatles.)
When we can hear?
(As a foetus, we can fell mom's sound, language, and stories.)
1. Mom's high pitch.
2. Learn first the intonation and rhythm (music property of accents shown)
Though can't talk, French, Chinese and English children show the different intonation.
Different accents have different melody, stress, speed, rhythm
3. New pronunciation emerges (copy them)
4. Life-long influences
Consonant and vowel (The change of them can produce endless accents. )
Phenomenon: American accent has been into the British society
Before: sporadic, individual encounter, short-term
Now: Those who haven't come to the U.S can speak in that way. (TV and sitcom)
• Question: what does accent mean (A: Pronunciation Dialect: Use of vocabulary and grammar )
• Accent V.S other identities (A: No cost and intrinsic O: cost a lot and can't be perceived In the dark)
• Origen of Accent (Primal tribes to distinguish their fellow members )
If you have one accent, or speak one way, then you are thick. If you have another, you're immediately bestowed with qulaities of culture, refinement, honesty and integrity.
"The man sings and clowns like a minor god, but he sounds like a Londoner who got drunk on tequila for the first time and woke uo in the Deep South.
English accents are always played in the movie as: evil, posh, Cockney or a pirate.
Pirate: Britain dominated the seven seas.
Eveil: a stiff-upper-lip
REASON: (Why they hate each other the accents?)
• RP was developed at the same time when Britain and America were fighting the War of Independence
• First movie stars were Americans, they don’t want their heroic images to be tarnished.
• Others are also used (German, Russian) as long as there's a period of wartime. Anyway, they can’t be American.
"That not allowing your emotions to make your lip wobble, and keeping a controlled, clear articulation are at the heart of the accent of the upper classes and their establishing rule. To lead my example, and be emotionless in the face of opposition---while still sounding utterly charming---are fairly go-to qualities in a megalomaniac, power obsessed villanous cad.
Posh=RP=social background/educational level=professional elite="cut-glass"accent=received pronunciation=Queen's/King's English=Public School Pronunciation
ORIGION: 18th century
"In which elegant London society came to be acknowledged as the source of all good manners and fashion, and the pronunciation of its members played an important part in showing the new class distinctions in Britain, with an industrial middle-class elbowing its way in between the traditional opposition of upper and lower.
• Digress as far as possible from the common practice.
• Received from the fashionable society, court and aristocracy
• The Public Schools Act of 1868 (Legal definition of certain famous public schools)
• BBC founder "Unifomity"/national unity during wartime/confidential issues: not being so easily copied by the Germans
NOW, as long as the accent is natural, it's ok. RP now sounds like makes people seem impervious to other people's feeling.
We need RP for a common ground.
We are using RP as the base platform to explode off into the main regional sounds.
Dialects are ubiquitous as well.
Accent viaration was reinforced by the radio and TV series.
"Flat vowels are our cultural heritage, Yorkshire people. Ordering a grornday lartay is a betrayal of everything we stand for.
Geordie (/ˈdʒɔːrdi/) is a nickname for a person from the Tyneside area of North East England and the dialect spoken by its inhabitants. The term is also used to refer to anyone from North East England.
"The accent can’t be the only hook you hang your character hat on. If it is everything you are doing is paper thin. The accent has to come from somewhere, from a person, it has to be real.
OG: Original Pronunciation
"They listen to Shakespeare in RP, they listen it with their heads; they listen to Shakespeare in OP, they listen it with their hearts.
It avoids the modern social connotation that arise when we hear old texts read in a present-day accent. It suggests fresh contrasts in speech style, such as between young and old, court and commoners, or literate and illiterate; and it motivates unexpected possibilities of character interpretation.
"Speak the speech I pray you, but do not mouth (overdo) it as many of our players do…and you have actors, boys and girls, making heartfelt, earthy, practical choices with their interpretations, being clearly heard despite speaking fast, and most of all, moving around the stage with drive and purpose. Hamlet become the hero,, rather than the indecisive, passive over-thinker.
"It ain't what you say but the way you say it.
Accents reflect identity. If an accent dies, the identity dies too.
1. WWII, London dwellers (cockney) moved to the countryside for better life quality.
2. People from outside London moved in, motor way system
Glottal Stops---a noticeable feature of cockney
"People should be proud of their accents, they shoundn't be insecure and look for alternatives. As long as learners can communicate clearly and effectively, native speakers need ask for no more.