- 迫使自己记忆外置来focus - off-loads the burden of memory entirely
Information and Conscientious Organization
- TOO MUCH INFORMATION, TOO MANY DECISIONS
The Inside History of Cognitive Overload
- information overload, then and now
- the prehistory of mental categorization
- in pursuit of excellent categorization
- THE FIRST THINGS TO GET STRAIGHT
How Attention and Memory Work
- the neurochemistry of attention
- where memory come from
- why categories matter
- getting part of your mind outside your body
3. ORGANIZING OUR HOMES
Where Things Can Start to Get Better
- from the junk drawer to the filing cabinet
- the digital home
- home is where i want to be
PS: 把物品分门别类放好（off-loads the burden of memory entirely
- ORGANIZING OUR SOCIAL WORLD
How Humans Connect Now
- aren't modern social relations too complex or organize?
- why people are indirect with us
- on the edge of your social world
- when we want to escape a social world
- ORGANIZING OUR TIME
What Is the Mystery?
- the biological reality of time
- mastering the see-saw of events
- sleep time
- when we procrastinate
- creative time
- life time
- ORGANIZING INFORMATION FOR THE HARDEST DECISIONS
When Life Is on the Line
- thinking straight about probabilities
- oh. no! i just tested positive
- risks either way
- what doctors offer
- alternative medicine: a violation of informed consent
- how you tink, what you do
- medicine, math, and making meaningful choices
- ORGANIZING THE BUSINESS WORLD
How We Create Value
- decision-making throughout the hierarchy
- those in charge
- the paperwork
- from multitasking to planning for failure
8. WHAT TO TEACH OUR CHILDREN
The Future of the Organized Mind
- information literacy
- approximately ok
- where you get your information
- EVERYTHING ELSE
The Power of the Junk Drawer
APPENDIX - Constructing Your Own Fourfold Tables
humans discovered a game-changing way to increase the capacity of the brain’s memory and indexing system
the human brain and its design: richness and associative access. Richness refers to the theory that a large number of the things you’ve ever thought or experienced are still in there, somewhere. Associative access means that your thoughts can be accessed in a number of different ways by semantic or perceptual associations—memories can be triggered by related words, by category names, by a smell, an old song or photograph, or even seemingly random neural firings that bring them up to consciousness.
In addition to neural networks in the brain that represent attributes of things, those attributes are also connected associatively to other things.
背景：how our brains work, and a lot about why things go wrong.
物品：minimize the chances of losing things
时间：about organizing our time better, not just so we can be more efficient but so we can find more time for fun, for play, for meaningful relationships, and for creativity.
信息：helpful to learn how our brain organizes information so that we can use what we have, rather than fight against it
决定：organized mind leads effortlessly to good decision-making
all faced with an unprecedented amount of information to remember, and small objects to keep track of
accounts for a great deal of variation, organizing human differences into five categories:
4 openess to new experience
5 conscientiousness(industriousness, self-control, stick-to-itiveness, and a desire for order)
as societies become more Westernized and complex, conscientiousness becomes more and more important.
keep their bosses working at full capacity while still finding them time for fun and relaxation
way to recapture a sense of order, and to regain the hours of lost time spent trying to overcome the disorganized mind.
why categories matter
- some objects, though different in presentation, are inherently identical
- Second, objects that are similar in presentation are inherently different.
- Third, objects although different in presentation may be of the same natural kind
How are categories formed in our brains?
- categorize them based on either gross or fine appearance
- based on functional equivalence when objects lack similarity of appearance
- categorize is in conceptual categories that address particular situations.
change a classification rule - say you decide to sort your clothes by color rather than by season
3x5 card system
categorizing and externalizing our memory enables us to balance the yin of our wandering thoughts with the yang of our focused execution.
how comfortable we are in allowing ourselves to enter the daydreaming mode under pressure of time.
During the flow state, attention is focused on a limited perceptual field, and that field receives your full concentration and complete investment. Action and awareness merge
Flow occurs when you are not explicitly thinking about what you’re doing;
Creative people often arrange their lives to maximize the possibility that flow periods will occur, and to be able to stay in flow once they arrive there.
A large part of efficient time management revolves around avoiding distractions. - 1 external caused by things in the world that beckon us(特殊空间内只有电脑断网手机和专注)/ 2 internal caused by our mind wandering back to the default daydreaming mode（mind-clearing exercise - caputre every single thing that has your attention - step back and look at your list from an observer standpoint and not let yourself be driven by what’s the latest and loudest in your head.）
Do not spend more time on a decision than it’s worth.
Time management also requires structuring your future with reminders
to put everything in the calendar, not just some things.
as grow older, time seems to pass more quickly than we are younger.
1 nonlinear and is based on the amount of time we’ve already lived
2 after the age of thirty, our reaction time, cognitive processing speed, and metabolic rate slow down
views of how we want to spend time are partly fueled by how much time we feel we have left.
- When time is perceived as constrained, the highest-priority goals will be those that can be realized in the short-term and that provide emotional meaning, such as spending time with family and friends.
- highly prioritized are those that are preparatory, focused on gathering information, on experiencing novelty, and on expanding one’s breadth of knowledge
time perception is driven by differences in attention and emotional memory
engagement in art as either a creator or consumer helps us by hitting the reset button in our brains.
Being creative means allowing the nonlinear to intrude on the linear, and to exercise some control over the output.
organize info for the hardest decisions
如医疗问题 health care - techniques apply to all the hardest decisions we face.
1 decisions you can make right now bcz the anwser is obvious
2 deciions you can delegate to someone who has more time or expertise than you do
3 [mull it over]decisions for which you have all the relevant info but you need more time to process or digest the info. - want to mull over the various angles and consider the larger picture.
4 [get more information ]Decisions for which you need more information
概率论 - update medical questions such as “What is the likelihood that this sore throat indicates the flu, given that three days ago I visited someone who had the flu?” 学会处理bayesian问题
fourfold table(pos - yes, pos - no, neg-yes, neg-no) helps to lay out all this information in a way that’s easy to visualize
arm yourself with the most accurate statistics attainable, as well as understanding your own biases and your stomach for risks and regret - friends and family are often helpful in reminding you of the core values you have lived your life by.
- 01 学会分类
- 02 学会记忆外化
- 三种方式：1. 根据外观相似度分类 2.缺乏相似性时根据功能分类 3.解决特殊情况时的灵活分类。