In a national or industrial lab, H.'s plan would have been much easier to realize. With no teaching assignments, no committee meetings, no insistent students at the door, wanting their grades explained, she could have made her name working eight or maybe ten hours per day. After five years of building a lab and producing science, she would have had little difficulty landing a tenured job at an e...
In a national or industrial lab, H.'s plan would have been much easier to realize. With no teaching assignments, no committee meetings, no insistent students at the door, wanting their grades explained, she could have made her name working eight or maybe ten hours per day. After five years of building a lab and producing science, she would have had little difficulty landing a tenured job at an excellent university. In the meantime she would have had time for her family -- maybe even time to have the child she wanted. She would have been earning 30 to 60 percent more, she would have been earning 30 to 60 percent more, she would have had a better job security, and time for reading a novel or taking a vacation.
Once you leave grad school, the clock is ticking.
Tasks during postdoc position:
1) to determine which area to work in.
2) finish at least one project
3) establish your name in the field to get permanent position.
So, the crite...
不要花过长的时间在一个很难出成果的项目上，尤其是在博士和博后期间。因为找工作要看到实实在在的成果，没有完成的项目即使再有意义，也不能向招聘者说明自己有能力。Once you leave grad school, the clock is ticking. Tasks during postdoc position:1) to determine which area to work in. 2) finish at least one project 3) establish your name in the field to get permanent position. So, the criterion: 1)clearly define the area to work on. 2) not good to work on a huge and complicated project which will not give result in the near future. 3) be involved in several short term projects. The postdoc supervisor is better to be already renowned so he wont compete with you and is willing to recognize you. Giving a talk:1) include introduction so that the whole talk is complete. Audience feel good when they understand sth.2) people can do both listening and reading at the same time. No use to read simple notes out(e.g. names).3) Write big. Include graphs/cartoons.4) less equations, more ideas.5) don't "snow job" either.6) each slide puts the story further. Writing a paper:1) short papers are much better than long papers. You will have a longer publication list, quicker peer or referee reviews and more people to read your article.2) Titles should be precise and catching, abstract short and interesting because many people only read titles and abstracts.3) Intro should not go into detail but should mention the most important results. Because many people only read introduction and conclusion. Fewer people would go into tech details. So you need to give an idea to them in the intro.4) cite others. you have nothing to lose and much to gain.5) tech details better be included as appendix.6) gives enough information so that others can reproduce your result. (but maybe not much more than that?...)7) make graphs. Pictures attract eyeballs.Corporate/Govt lab positions vs. Assistant Professorshipat corporate/govt labs:1) no teaching duties, not students bothering2) management will solve ambient problems instead of asking you to serve the community.but management can interfere you too.3) can be affected by company/political changes.4) better equipment and ample funding, but very 成果-oriented.5) if you want to return to academia, your research field in these labs should have scientific value so you are known by people in academia. You also have to avoid those positions on which your produced results are patented or protected thus unpublishable.6) lack of help from students and postdocs.7) better salary on entry but has a cap for senior scientists. In univs lower entry but higher salary for seniors.Interviewing1)before interview, prepare for questions that may be asked. Find out what research interests of the faculty in the dept, and what courses are being offered (you may be asked to teach some courses).2) If you can't answer a question, say it is definitely an interesting one and you will try to find the answer to it in the future.3) the best time to negotiate is after you get several offers and before you commit to one of them.4) do not hesitate to ask for better salary/condition/equipment.5) You can write the employer's promises down and ask him/her to confirm them. So that you can have something on paper without questioning the employer's honesty.6) Act for your own benefit. You are the weaker party in this game compared to employers. A better offer may come after your commitment to a previous offer. Although withdrawing an already committed offer is not good deed, it is better than undermining your life and career by keeping commitment.In writing proposals and giving talks, be generous at citing others, be sure to show your understanding of the "big picture" and why your work is important for the big picture.Focused on problems and develop technical skills, NOT focused on technical skills and choose problems. If the technical skill you are knowledgeable in becomes outdated, you will be swept out from research positions. Maintain research on two or more problems. If one is finished, or outdated, or not interested by funding agencies anymore, you can immediately start another one, your productivity will not be much affected.