出版社: AddisonWesley
出版年: 1999828
页数: 422
定价: USD 65.20
装帧: Hardcover
ISBN: 9780201380279
内容简介 · · · · · ·
This text provides a balanced, wellorganized treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, making thermal physics interesting and accessible to anyone who has completed a year of calculusbased introductory physics. Part I introduces essential concepts of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics from a unified view, applying concepts in a select number of illustrative...
This text provides a balanced, wellorganized treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, making thermal physics interesting and accessible to anyone who has completed a year of calculusbased introductory physics. Part I introduces essential concepts of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics from a unified view, applying concepts in a select number of illustrative examples. Parts II and III explore further applications of classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Throughout, the emphasis is on realworld applications.
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Cynosure (请叫我(云)撸猫小能手！)
The second law is not built into the fundamental laws of nature, though; it arises purely through the laws of probability and the mathematics of very large numbers. But since the probabilities are so overwhelming for any system large enough to see with our eyes, we might as well forget about probabilities and just treat the second law as fundamental. Entropy is the more fundamental quantity, go...20180223 21:53
The second law is not built into the fundamental laws of nature, though; it arises purely through the laws of probability and the mathematics of very large numbers. But since the probabilities are so overwhelming for any system large enough to see with our eyes, we might as well forget about probabilities and just treat the second law as fundamental.
Entropy is the more fundamental quantity, governed by the second law of thermodynamics. Temperature is less fundamental; it is merely a characterization of a system's "willingness" to give up energy, that is, of the relationship between its energy and entropy.
thermodynamic identity: dU = T*dS  P*dV + ∑ μ*dN.
Extensive and Intensive Quantities The number of potentially interesting thermodynamic variables has been growing lately. We now have U, V, iV, S, T, P, /i, H, P, and G, among others. One way to organize all these quantities is to pick out the ones that double if you simply double the amount of stuff, adding the new alongside what you had originally (see Figure 5.9). Under this hypothetical operation, you end up with twice the energy and twice the volume, but not twice the temperature. Those quantities that do double are called extensive quantities. Those quantities that are unchanged when the amount of stuff doubles are called intensive quantities. Here's a list, divided according to this classification:
Extensive: V, N, 5, U, H, P, G, mass
Intensive: T, P, /i, density
If you multiply an extensive quantity by an intensive quantity, you end up with an extensive quantity; for example, volume x density = mass. By the same token, if you divide one extensive quantity by another, you get an intensive quantity. If you multiply two extensive quantities together, you get something that is neither; if you're confronted with such a product in one of your calculations, there's a good chance you did something wrong.
Because a system will spontaneously seek out the state of lowest free energy, this property tells us that equilibrium phases almost always contain impurities.
The usefulness of the formula F = k*T* In Z is that from F we can compute the entropy, pressure, and chemical potential, using the partialderivative formulas
Degeneracy pressure is what keeps matter from collapsing under the huge electrostatic forces that try to pull electrons and protons together. Please note that degeneracy pressure has absolutely nothing to do with electrostatic repulsion between the electrons (which we've completely ignored); it arises purely by virtue of the exclusion principle.
回应 20180223 21:53

Cynosure (请叫我(云)撸猫小能手！)
The second law is not built into the fundamental laws of nature, though; it arises purely through the laws of probability and the mathematics of very large numbers. But since the probabilities are so overwhelming for any system large enough to see with our eyes, we might as well forget about probabilities and just treat the second law as fundamental. Entropy is the more fundamental quantity, go...20180223 21:53
The second law is not built into the fundamental laws of nature, though; it arises purely through the laws of probability and the mathematics of very large numbers. But since the probabilities are so overwhelming for any system large enough to see with our eyes, we might as well forget about probabilities and just treat the second law as fundamental.
Entropy is the more fundamental quantity, governed by the second law of thermodynamics. Temperature is less fundamental; it is merely a characterization of a system's "willingness" to give up energy, that is, of the relationship between its energy and entropy.
thermodynamic identity: dU = T*dS  P*dV + ∑ μ*dN.
Extensive and Intensive Quantities The number of potentially interesting thermodynamic variables has been growing lately. We now have U, V, iV, S, T, P, /i, H, P, and G, among others. One way to organize all these quantities is to pick out the ones that double if you simply double the amount of stuff, adding the new alongside what you had originally (see Figure 5.9). Under this hypothetical operation, you end up with twice the energy and twice the volume, but not twice the temperature. Those quantities that do double are called extensive quantities. Those quantities that are unchanged when the amount of stuff doubles are called intensive quantities. Here's a list, divided according to this classification:
Extensive: V, N, 5, U, H, P, G, mass
Intensive: T, P, /i, density
If you multiply an extensive quantity by an intensive quantity, you end up with an extensive quantity; for example, volume x density = mass. By the same token, if you divide one extensive quantity by another, you get an intensive quantity. If you multiply two extensive quantities together, you get something that is neither; if you're confronted with such a product in one of your calculations, there's a good chance you did something wrong.
Because a system will spontaneously seek out the state of lowest free energy, this property tells us that equilibrium phases almost always contain impurities.
The usefulness of the formula F = k*T* In Z is that from F we can compute the entropy, pressure, and chemical potential, using the partialderivative formulas
Degeneracy pressure is what keeps matter from collapsing under the huge electrostatic forces that try to pull electrons and protons together. Please note that degeneracy pressure has absolutely nothing to do with electrostatic repulsion between the electrons (which we've completely ignored); it arises purely by virtue of the exclusion principle.
回应 20180223 21:53

Cynosure (请叫我(云)撸猫小能手！)
The second law is not built into the fundamental laws of nature, though; it arises purely through the laws of probability and the mathematics of very large numbers. But since the probabilities are so overwhelming for any system large enough to see with our eyes, we might as well forget about probabilities and just treat the second law as fundamental. Entropy is the more fundamental quantity, go...20180223 21:53
The second law is not built into the fundamental laws of nature, though; it arises purely through the laws of probability and the mathematics of very large numbers. But since the probabilities are so overwhelming for any system large enough to see with our eyes, we might as well forget about probabilities and just treat the second law as fundamental.
Entropy is the more fundamental quantity, governed by the second law of thermodynamics. Temperature is less fundamental; it is merely a characterization of a system's "willingness" to give up energy, that is, of the relationship between its energy and entropy.
thermodynamic identity: dU = T*dS  P*dV + ∑ μ*dN.
Extensive and Intensive Quantities The number of potentially interesting thermodynamic variables has been growing lately. We now have U, V, iV, S, T, P, /i, H, P, and G, among others. One way to organize all these quantities is to pick out the ones that double if you simply double the amount of stuff, adding the new alongside what you had originally (see Figure 5.9). Under this hypothetical operation, you end up with twice the energy and twice the volume, but not twice the temperature. Those quantities that do double are called extensive quantities. Those quantities that are unchanged when the amount of stuff doubles are called intensive quantities. Here's a list, divided according to this classification:
Extensive: V, N, 5, U, H, P, G, mass
Intensive: T, P, /i, density
If you multiply an extensive quantity by an intensive quantity, you end up with an extensive quantity; for example, volume x density = mass. By the same token, if you divide one extensive quantity by another, you get an intensive quantity. If you multiply two extensive quantities together, you get something that is neither; if you're confronted with such a product in one of your calculations, there's a good chance you did something wrong.
Because a system will spontaneously seek out the state of lowest free energy, this property tells us that equilibrium phases almost always contain impurities.
The usefulness of the formula F = k*T* In Z is that from F we can compute the entropy, pressure, and chemical potential, using the partialderivative formulas
Degeneracy pressure is what keeps matter from collapsing under the huge electrostatic forces that try to pull electrons and protons together. Please note that degeneracy pressure has absolutely nothing to do with electrostatic repulsion between the electrons (which we've completely ignored); it arises purely by virtue of the exclusion principle.
回应 20180223 21:53
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订阅关于An Introduction to Thermal Physics的评论:
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0 有用 自分的时间旅行 20190125
Nice textbook with a taste of thermal physics.
0 有用 XeHHXe 20140503
Interesting introuction to stat mech. It's a pity that no answers are provided for those motivating problems.
0 有用  20170418
很适合入门
0 有用 [已注销] 20171219
四星半。证明过程不是特别严谨，但是可读性很强，每节长度控制的也很合适。推荐入门的人看。
0 有用 Mountoo 20160610
简单清晰 法师兔子那个感觉能记一辈子= = 初学热统读读好 留作参考书就不够了
0 有用 十九世纪 20190510
有趣！
0 有用 自分的时间旅行 20190125
Nice textbook with a taste of thermal physics.
1 有用 小闹钟 20181201
今年给热统课做助教。感叹美帝的孩子有这样的教材真幸福啊。用魔法师变兔子来引入焓和自由能的概念，真的一辈子都忘不了了哈哈哈
0 有用 [已注销] 20171219
四星半。证明过程不是特别严谨，但是可读性很强，每节长度控制的也很合适。推荐入门的人看。
0 有用 吞噬黑洞 20170509
魔法师变兔子的梗简直了……