Metaphysics的笔记(6)

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  • Thymόs

    Thymόs (何妨吟啸且徐行)

    一个疑难,出现于对INUS condition作为一种对“原因”概念的分析的一节中: Lewis mentions another problem for an account like Mackie’s. This is the problem of causal preemption. Here, we have two events, a and b, each of which, taken by itself, would cause a third event, c. However, when a and b both occur, a acts to block b’s normal causal role and goes on to cause c all by itself. a→c ↘ b ...   (16回应)

    2013-09-02 17:53

  • Thymόs

    Thymόs (何妨吟啸且徐行)

    Frequently, the austere nominalist defends this strategy by challenging the explanatory power of the Platonic schema. If the Platonic schema is to provide a genuine explanation of attribute agreement, universals have to be things that can be identified and characterized independently of the facts they are introduced to explain; otherwise, any application of the schema represents the proverbial sor...

    2013-08-29 00:18

  • Thymόs

    Thymόs (何妨吟啸且徐行)

    These doubts have led some realists to set very severe restrictions on the analysis of predication so far delineated. They have insisted on a distinction between what they call undefined and defined predicates. The idea is that there are certain predicates that are not defined in terms of other predicates; these primitive predicates get their meaning by being directly correlated with universals. A...   (3回应)

    2013-08-28 01:17

  • Thymόs

    Thymόs (何妨吟啸且徐行)

    Whereas objects exemplify properties by #possessing# them, things exemplify kinds by #belonging to# them. Philosophers who draw this distinction frequently tell us that while kinds constitute the particulars that exemplify them as #what# they are, properties merely modify or characterize particulars antecedently so marked out; and they often claim that kinds are #individuative# universals. 这么...

    2013-08-27 12:53

  • Thymόs

    Thymόs (何妨吟啸且徐行)

    If the conceptual schemer is correct in claiming that the activity of conceptual representation bars us from an apprehension of anything we seek to represent, then why should we take seriously the schemer’s claims about conceptual representation? Those claims, after all, are just further conceptual representations; but, then, so far from revealing the nature of the activity of conceptual represen...

    2013-08-27 01:23

  • Thymόs

    Thymόs (何妨吟啸且徐行)

    But Aristotle is not satisfied to describe metaphysics as the investigation of first causes. He also tells us that it is the science that studies being qua being. As this characterization gets fleshed out, metaphysics turns out to be not another departmental discipline with a special subject matter of its own. It is rather a universal science, one that considers all the objects that there are. On ...

    2013-08-27 00:13

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Metaphysics

>Metaphysics