Political Order and Political Decay的笔记(10)

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  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    完善的法律程序=高昂的交易成本?Thus conflicts that in Sweden and Japan would be solved by quiet consultations between interested parties through the bureaucracy are fought out through formal litigation in the American court system. This has a number of unfortunate consequences for public administration, leading to a process characterized, in the words of Sean Farhang, by “Uncertainty, procedural ...   (2回应)

    2015-01-18 21:24

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    帕累托居然也进来插了一脚……A different sort of argument was made against democracy by a series of conservative Italian thinkers, who asserted that it was pointless to open up the franchise since true democracy was impossible to achieve. This view was first articulated by Gaetano Mosca, who stated that the different regime types—monarchy, aristocracy, democracy—made little difference to actual l...

    2015-01-04 19:22

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    1848年的欧洲和现在的中国很像?The social transformation was at this point very incomplete, however; even in the most economically advanced European societies, the middle class still constituted a minority of the population. These middle classes were themselves split between those who wanted strong legal protections for their persons and property rights, and those interested in broader democratic p...

    2015-01-04 19:05

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    尼日利亚vs印度尼西亚,坦桑尼亚vs肯尼亚的对比研究很有意思。专制制度下的nation building胜过了民主制度带来的种族分歧。 The one political principle Sukarno was not interested in including in his synthesis was Western liberalism, precisely because this doctrine did not provide a justification for a strong state that would play an integrative role in forging a national identity. Tanzania’s found...

    2014-12-26 23:05

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    As some observers pointed out at the time, the stability of modern Western Europe was built on ethnic cleansing that had taken place in earlier historical periods, which modern Europeans had conveniently forgotten. 怪不得看CEE的同事说,欧洲人不喜欢谈历史……

    2014-12-01 03:18

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    The contemporary CCP earns legitimacy today due to its economic performance. But it also has an important extra margin of support as an embodiment of Chinese nationalism. 不敢说CCP是最代表中国人民利益的,但它肯定比华盛顿更代表中国人民利益。

    2014-12-01 02:41

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    奇葩呀……Something similar happened to the state-owned National Bank of Greece. Up until the early 1980s, it had been a highly respected island of meritocracy within the Greek government, with some 90% of its personnel being recruited through examinations. This changed with PASOK’s rise in 1981; the party expanded the bank’s overall payroll by as much as 50% (to some 16,000 employees) and exemp...

    2014-11-16 20:50

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    九年前写的那篇论文的鼻祖:Greece by this description resembles not just southern Italy but also other low-trust societies of the sort I described in Trust, like those of southern China and many parts of rural Spain and Latin America. In such societies, neighbors are not potential helpmates but dangerous rivals, which is why domestic architecture in all of these places tend to turn inward to hide t...

    2014-11-16 01:05

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    (Why some countries developed strong and capable states and why others did not): Key to these different outcomes was the sequence by which different countries reform their bureaucracies relative to the moment they open up their political system to wider democratic contestation. Those countries that created strong bureaucracies while they were still authoritarian, like Prussia, created enduring aut...

    2014-11-08 22:36

  • 浅草

    浅草 (十月的波斯菊)

    The rule of law has its origins in religion. It is only religious authority that was capable of creating rules that warriors needed to respect. Religious institutions in many cultures were essentially legal bodies responsible for interpreting a set of sacred texts and giving them moral sanction over the rest of society. ... China never developed a transcendental religion; perhaps for this reason, ...

    2014-11-03 01:29

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Political Order and Political Decay

>Political Order and Political Decay