Sapiens的笔记(29)

>我来写笔记

按有用程度 按页码先后 最新笔记

  • Nebuchadnezzar

    Nebuchadnezzar (黄粱遗梦 半晌贪欢)

    Religion can thus be defined as a system of human norms and values that is founded on a belief in a superhuman order. 同金钱,帝国一样,宗教或许是第三大人类聚合在一起的原因。社会秩序和社会阶级都是人类想象的产物,容易分崩离析,社会越大其越脆弱,然而宗教却会给这两者以坚定的稳固作用,因为宗教普遍被认为不是由人类创造的事物,借由超越人类的力量来使人类社会中人类想象的产物更加稳固。 于是,宗教有两个特...

    2017-04-22 12:22   1人喜欢

  • 平生不会相思

    平生不会相思 (自歌自舞自开怀,无拘无束无碍。)

    They never realise that they are not their feelings, and that the relentless pursuit of particular feelings just traps them in misery. If this is so, then our entire understanding of the history of happiness might be misguided. Maybe it isn't so important whether people's expectations are fulfilled and whether they enjoy pleasant feelings. The main question is whether people know the truth abou...

    2018-07-06 23:56

  • 平生不会相思

    平生不会相思 (自歌自舞自开怀,无拘无束无碍。)

    A cultural idea - such as belief in Christian heaven above the clouds or Communist paradise here on earth - can compel a human to dedicate his or her life to spreading that idea, even at the price of death. The human dies, but the ideas spreads. According to this approach, cultures are not conspiracies concocted by some people in order to take advantage of others (as Marxists tend to think). Ra...

    2018-07-03 01:39

  • 平生不会相思

    平生不会相思 (自歌自舞自开怀,无拘无束无碍。)

    So why study history? Unlike physics or economics, history is not a means for making accurate predictions. We study history not to know the future but to widen our horizons, to understand that our present situation is neither natural nor inevitable, and that we consequently have many more possibilities before us than we imagine. .... history's choices are not made for the benefit of humans. The...

    2018-07-03 01:30

  • Wolfson

    Wolfson

    So our medieval ancestors were happy because they found meaning to life in collective delusions about the afterlife? Yes. As long as nobody punctured their fantasies, why shouldn’t they? As far as we can tell, from a purely scientific viewpoint, human life has absolutely no meaning. Humans are the outcome of blind evolutionary processes that operate without goal or purpose. Our actions are not...

    2018-06-17 13:24

  • Wolfson

    Wolfson

    The late modern era has seen unprecedented levels not only of violence and horror, but also of peace and tranquillity. Charles Dickens wrote of the French Revolution that ‘It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.’ This may be true not only of the French Revolution, but of the entire era it heralded.

    2018-06-15 22:31

  • Wolfson

    Wolfson

    Imagine two builders, each busy constructing very tall towers. One builder uses wood and mud bricks, whereas the other uses steel and concrete. At first it seems that there is not much of a difference between the two methods, since both towers grow at a similar pace and reach a similar height. However, once a critical threshold is crossed, the wood and mud tower cannot stand the strain and coll...

    2018-06-10 16:30

  • Wolfson

    Wolfson

    Throughout history, societies have suffered from two kinds of poverty: social poverty, which withholds from some people the opportunities available to others; and biological poverty, which puts the very lives of individuals at risk due to lack of food and shelter. Perhaps social poverty can never be eradicated, but in many countries around the world biological poverty is a thing of the past. 贫...

    2018-06-09 21:38

  • Wolfson

    Wolfson

    In 1620 Francis Bacon published a scientific manifesto tided The New Instrument. In it he argued that ‘knowledge is power’. The real test of ‘knowledge’ is not whether it is true, but whether it empowers us. Scientists usually assume that no theory is 100 per cent correct. Consequently, truth is a poor test for knowledge. The real test is utility. A theory that enables us to do new things c...

    2018-06-09 16:21

  • Wolfson

    Wolfson

    Newton showed that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics. Some chapters (for example) boil down to a clear-cut equation; but scholars who attempted to reduce biology, economics and psychology to neat Newtonian equations have discovered that these fields have a level of complexity that makes such an aspiration futile. This did not mean, however, that they gave up on mathem...

    2018-06-09 15:41

<前页 1 2 3 后页>

笔记是你写在书页留白边上的内容;是你阅读中的批注、摘抄及随感。

笔记必须是自己所写,不欢迎转载。摘抄原文的部分应该进行特殊标明。

Sapiens

>Sapiens