莎拉·贝克韦尔（Sarah Bakewell），1963年出生于英国的伯恩茅斯，后随父母在亚洲旅行多年，最终在澳大利亚悉尼定居、长大。返回英国后，她考入埃塞克斯大学，攻读哲学专业，毕业后在伦敦的一家图书馆做了十年图书管理员。2002年，贝克韦尔辞去工作，开始专职写作，除本书外，她的作品还包括How to Live（2010）、The English Dane（2005）、The Smart（2002）。她目前生活在伦敦，并在伦敦城市大学和开放大学教授创意写作课。
The need of philosophy occurs only when you doubt and feel uncomfortable －————————————————— 社会步调一致（不能用团队攻克独立问题的策略）=大规模狂热=欺骗性扩大格局=个体经验终将被忽略和被扭曲=狂热进入疲惫期后，人们才会意识到自己造成了多少病态的苦难 －————————————————— 汉娜.阿伦特于1933年，研究反犹材料被捕，公寓被搜，家人被管。被释放后，不办手续直接逃离德国 To He...
The need of philosophy occurs only when you doubt and feel uncomfortable
To Heidelberg , the second big mistake( after forgetting “being”) is talking about something with assumptions that these things are “ presence-at-hand现成在手状态=reflective staring). It will separate things from how we met them in most of daily time, the “readiness-to-hand当下上手状态).
It changes them into the objectivity for some subjectivity without “concern” at all. Then how dare we are to ask why philosophers were separated from daily life!
This mistake will tear up the structure of “Being with everydayness“. On the contrary, in the Heidegger’s “Being-in-the-world在世存在”， everything is connected together. If the structure was tear up, the being will be a thin, flat, secondary status. That’s why a connected world can be revealed by a simple action. A pen let people recall ink, papers, table, lighting......and who am I writing for. Therefore, every Being-in-the-world is also a “Being-with共在”. We and others lives in a “with-world共同世界”
Then, ”the They常人” is rooted in this connected world. This giant “mass of Being” bring a seductive gravity, to the They.像淋淋的吸力The gravity of “the They常人” distorted us. It make our subjectivity become “they-self常人自我” and lost in it.
But it doesn’t means we have to fight with it and only live in any ultimate footing. I would recommend you to live with it, treating “the They” as a unspoken friend, otherwise you wouldn’t have any true friend. You can watchfully seriously
圆融得体 内圣外王 中庸之道
It may cause self identity disorder.
Fuacont may ask you to treat yourself as an art practice, but he overrated the importance of aesthetics in everydayness. I would said, in most of time, aesthetics could be root of every value. But when the concept“aesthetics” really occur in our mind, it is more like a abstract easy lower line of life. And again In everydayness, the aesthetics experience is more about the way you look, so it’s sort of cheap.
The They-the banality of evil <the origins of totalitarianism>
(I know Heidegger need it to a pure philosophical epistemological problem. But I will like to seem the They as the sum of someone’s biological body and social identity. Your memory should be the fundamental material of your subjectivity)
In the <Being and Time>, the everydayness is the most ontological, but not untouchable cosmology or mathematics. Practical
What he wants is making familiar daily things more confusing, in order to piss us off. Heidegger ‘s intention is not to be understood, but to be experienced through “ feeling alienation “. Heidegger admitted that this “awkwardness “ is tiny price for overturning/undermining philosophy history and bring us back to the Being.
For avoiding the stiff perception to daily experiences, he stretches language to its maximum. So may be we can seem him as an experimental novelist or a poet. Afterall the overall goal is so radical and violent, the small violent change of languages should be expected.
We are not existing in a higher eternal dimension. The existence of Being-there is local, with a situation of history, constructing in time and places.
If we are the being of time, then the real Being means: 1st, our Being is limited—we will die, the “Being-towards-Death向死而在”. 2nd, we are the being of history and grasp the specific requirements of our unique historical situation. In this “anticipatory resoluteness先行决心”.
Through these concepts: Being-toward-Death and anticipatory resoluteness, people will be able to be liberated from they-self, and have the true self.
(It sounds fascist, although this determination and this acceptance of death could be anti-totalitarian heroism manifesto. )