para1：现代的小说并没有在发展中优于过去的小说创作，只求keep moving toward a circular tendency，即便我们在技法和材料上比起以前更充分（这里的simple tools and primitive materials究竟指物质还是写作技巧有小争议...）同时提到，现代小说家默默觉得"the fight was not so fierce for them as for us"，需要从一个lofty pinnacle来看我们在历史中所处的位置，是否为一个文章创作的好时代。
para1：现代的小说并没有在发展中优于过去的小说创作，只求keep moving toward a circular tendency，即便我们在技法和材料上比起以前更充分（这里的simple tools and primitive materials究竟指物质还是写作技巧有小争议...）同时提到，现代小说家默默觉得"the fight was not so fierce for them as for us"，需要从一个lofty pinnacle来看我们在历史中所处的位置，是否为一个文章创作的好时代。para2-3：批判19世纪末现实主义三位作家丝毫不给情面 Mr Wells, Mr Bennett and Mr Galsworthy。称之为Materialist和workman。
They have excited so many hopes and disappointed them so persistently....shown us what they might have done but have not done; what we certainly could not do,...,but do not wish to do.
They write of unimportant things; that they spend immense skill and immense industry making the trivial and the transitory appear the true and the enduring
联系Ruskin, 这些作家没有找到重点Life escapes，the profound, crudity and coarseness of the human being.正确的做法：开始论证modernist的风格。作家不应该被习惯和成见制约，遵循plot、悲喜剧等形式的约定。而是Admit the vagueness, unveil the unexplored in the ordinary mind/moment。”Life exists more fully in what is commonly thought small. Do not take for granted.“以James Joyce举例，Mr Joyce is spiritual; he is concerned at all costs to reveal the flickerings of that innermost flame。
The emphasis is laid upon such unexpected places that at first it seems as if there were no emphasis at all...compose sth new.
总论点：THere is no limit to the horizon, nothing is forbidden. THe proper stuff of fiction does not exist.***关于SYMPATHY
In every great Russian writer we seem to discern the features of a saint, if sympathy for the sufferings of others, love towards them, endeavor to reach some goal worthy of the most exacting demands of the spirit constitute saintliness. It is the saint in them which confounds us with a feeling of our own irreligious triviality.