《科学哲学》的原文摘录

  • 自然的齐一性 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2回复 2013-05-10 21:25:50
    —— 引自第23页
  • 他们关于实在本性的论断使很多人难以接受甚至难以理解。 研究对象的本身是由物理实体构成的 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2013-05-10 13:36:37
    —— 引自第8页
  • 与任何可能出现的事态相容 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2013-05-10 13:54:13
    —— 引自第14页
  • 这就表明了波普尔将科学与伪科学区分开来的尝试是不完善的尽管初看上去很有道理 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2013-05-10 18:36:16
    —— 引自第16页
  • 科学家们是通过推理和推论的过程确信上述事实的。 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2013-05-10 18:50:24
    —— 引自第19页
  • 事实上,无论何时从有限的资料数据获得一个更普遍的结论,科学家们都要运用归纳推理,这是他们一直使用的方法 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2013-05-10 19:45:42
    —— 引自第20页
  • 休莫归纳问题 (查看原文)
    无小尘 2013-05-10 21:30:51
    —— 引自第25页
  • 科学是一种多元性的活动,包含了范围广泛的不同学科和理论。也许它们共享一套能够定义何为科学的固定的特征,但也许这种特征并不存在。哲学家路德维希·维特根斯坦就认为,不存在能够定义何为“游戏”的一系列固定的特征;但却存在一束松散的特征,这些特征的大部分被大多数的游戏所拥有。然而也许某个特定的游戏不具有该特征束中的任一特征,却仍然是一个游戏。科学或许也是如此。如果真是这样,将科学与伪科学区分开来的一个简单化标准就不可能找到。 (查看原文)
    Nier Daye 2015-02-07 14:32:33
    —— 引自章节:第一章 何为科学
  • 对于实证主义者来说科学是一种范式性的理性活动,一条通向既存真理的最可靠的道路。 (查看原文)
    Nier Daye 2015-02-09 21:02:47
    —— 引自章节:第五章 科学变迁和科学革命
  • Many people believe that the distinguishing features of science lie in the particular methods scientists use to investigate the world (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-15 20:55:09
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS SCIENCE?
  • The origins of modern science lie in a period of rapid scientific development that occurred in Europe between 1500 and 1750, which we now refer to as the scientific revolution (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-15 20:55:09
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS SCIENCE?
  • human mind is in some respects similar to a computer, and thus that human mental processes can be understand by comparing them to he operations computers carry out (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-15 20:55:09
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS SCIENCE?
  • so part of the job of philosophy of science is to question assumptions that scientists take for granted (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-15 20:55:09
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS SCIENCE?
  • In general, scientists do not just abandon their theories whenever they conflicts with the observation data. Usually they look for ways of eliminating the conflict without having to give up their theory. (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-15 20:55:09
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS SCIENCE?
  • Scientists arrived at those beliefs by a process of reasoning or inference (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-16 21:41:23
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 2 SCIENTIFIC REASONING
  • scientists use inductive reasoning whenever they move from limited data to a more general conclusion (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-16 21:41:23
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 2 SCIENTIFIC REASONING
  • Although it id not possible to prove that a scientific theory is true from a limited data sample, it is possible to prove that a theory is false. (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-16 21:41:23
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 2 SCIENTIFIC REASONING
  • Hume concludes that our confidence in intuition is just blind faith-it admits of no rational justification whatever (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-16 21:41:23
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 2 SCIENTIFIC REASONING
  • if Hume is right, the foundations on which science is built do not look quite as solid as we might have hoped (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-16 21:41:23
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 2 SCIENTIFIC REASONING
  • the task of providing an account of scientific explanation then becomes the task of characterizing precisely the relation that must hold between a set of premisses and a conclusion, in order for the former to count as an explanation of the latter. (查看原文)
    废梁 2015-02-17 23:06:30
    —— 引自章节:CHAPTER 3 EXPLANATION IN SCIEN
<前页 1 2 3 4 后页>