项飚研究员长期从事人口流动和社会、经济变迁的研究，曾在国内和澳大利亚、印度作长期的实地调查。主要著作有Making Order from Transnational Migration: Labor, Recruitment Agents and the State in Northeast China (普林斯顿大学出版社，即出)； Global Body Shopping (普林斯顿大学出版社2007，获2008年度安东尼利兹奖)；《跨越边界的社区》(三联书店，2000；英文版，Brill Academic Publisher，2005)。
body shopping: ethnicization, individualization, transnationalization
anthropologists and sociologists have perhaps asked the wrong question in the first place about how economic activities—as though imposed from outside—are inserted into social relations. A more fruitful question may be exactly the opposite: how people develop social relations—seen as a holistic process of which their econo...
body shopping: ethnicization, individualization, transnationalizationanthropologists and sociologists have perhaps asked the wrong question in the first place about how economic activities—as though imposed from outside—are inserted into social relations. A more fruitful question may be exactly the opposite: how people develop social relations—seen as a holistic process of which their economic activities are a part—that lead to economic globalization.9 A point here is: Are an thropologists up to the task of explaining such phenomena as the emer gence of the stock market?This book attempts to take up this challenge. On the one hand it demon strates that the process of abstraction is by no means an inevitable con sequence of “economic laws,” but is constructed and sustained through the rearrangement of various institutions, the interplay between unequal socioeconomic relations at different levels, and the establishment of par ticular ideologies. On the other hand the book stresses that while ab straction is strongly conditioned by established institutions (in the pres ent case ranging from caste and dowry in India to labor and immigration control in the destination country), it should not be seen merely as a pro cess of embedding. For instance body-shopping operations were based on networks, but the networks, far from appearing to embed Indian IT pro fessionals’ mobility, render it with more uncertainty, precisely by facili tating multiple, global, and multidirectional movement to escape as well as exploit economic volatility, and have thus overall contributed to a pro cess of disembedding rather than embedding. Before turning to the dy namics internal to body shopping (summarized as ethnicization, individu alization, and transnationalization), it is necessary to establish the basic characteristics of this labor-management system against a historical and institutional background.